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논문 상세정보

미국의 고등교육 거버넌스 분석과 시사점

The Analysis of America's Higher Education Governance and Its Implications for Korea's Higher Education Governance.

교육행정학연구 v.22 no.4 , 2004년, pp.263 - 286  
유현숙
초록

This research analyzes America's higher education governance that excels Korea's higher education in terms of competitiveness. The aim is to restructure Korea's higher education and improve its management system, all of which are currently under discussion. The analysis of this research has been limited to state universities. Analysis was based on the following three: 1) federal level governance, 2) state level governance, 3) and the governance of universities. Since the center of America's higher education governance is the Governing Board of Higher Education established within each state, this research focused on the analysis of the type and function of each Governing Board of Higher Education. To analyze the governance of universities, case by case analysis of the educational administrations of the highly decentralized Michigan University and the highly centralized California University were conducted. The following are the results of the research on America's higher education governance. First, for the basic rights of its citizens, the federal government provides opportunities for higher education, proper allocation of resources, policies based on data, and improvements in the quality of education through evaluations of universities. Second, different types of governance are applied depending on the function and the role of each higher education. Third, state universities' governance are characterized by their effort to maintain a balance between accountability and autonomy. Fourth, although higher educational institutions have autonomy in their governance, they have to receive a guarantee in the quality of their education by participating in university evaluations in order to maintain the standard of quality required at the national level. Fifth, a participatory decision making is established through the participation of various groups and through the division of responsibilities.

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