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논문 상세정보

『新しい歴史敎科書』의 역사인식과 선사ㆍ고대사 서술

The Historical Perception and the Pre and Ancient History Description of New History Textbook( Hushosha)

일본역사연구 no.27 , 2008년, pp.89 - 123  

History textbook of Hushosha commits several critical errors. First of all, although the textbook insists that history is the learning of the past itself, the contents are not free from the tenacy of Imperialistic ideology. The word like Tennou(天皇), Nippon(일본), or race(民族) are frequently used since Kohun(古墳) period. For the worse, the subjects of ancient period is regarded as a nation(國民). In particular, Tennou is the main theme in the textbook. Myths based on Kojiki and Nihonshoki, tombs of ancient kings and symbol of golden hawk stress the importance, distinctiveness and perpetuity of Tennou. At the same time, the textbook gives emphasis to the superiority of Japan and Japanese. We can find the words like 'the biggest', 'the oldest', and 'only Japan.' On the other hand, the basic facts are distorted here and there. The textbook describes the Jomon pottery was the oldest one in the world. But the same time or older pottery was found nowadays. It persists also the rice-farming began in Jomon period but the evidences are not enough. It records that Wa(倭) assisted Backjae and Silla to cope with Goguryo in 5th century, but the fact is different. Wa invaded Silla 19 times during the 5th century. The 6th century's maps of other textbooks reveal the implicit confidence in the contents of Nihonshoki(日本書紀). These maps mark the Jeolla-namdo province as the new territory occupied by Backjae(百濟) in 512 and 513 A.D. according to the descriptions of Nihonshoki. But the area was attacked and surrendered by Dongsungwang(東城王) in the end of 5th century. Inaccuracies and fallacies are also found in the 7th century maps. In the map of Hakusugie's combat(白村江戰鬪), Wa(倭) army is described as Japan(日本) army, in spite of no positive evidence for the usage of Japan in this period. Silla naval forces is marked as if it came to fight with Wa army across the South Sea(南海). But there is no evidence for the existence of Silla naval forces in the Hakusugie's combat. To make matters worse, these errors and misunderstandings are not corrected and reproduced on an enlarged scale. The typical examples are the map of new territory of Backjae in 512 and 513, the map of disputed territory between Goguryo(高句麗), Backjae and Silla in 551 and 552, and the map of Hakusugie's combat in 663.

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