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논문 상세정보

『시용향악보』 대국1·2·3과 구천 그리고 별대왕의 리듬 고찰

A Research on the Rhythms of Taeguk 1·2·3, Kuch'ŏn and Pyŏldaewang in Siyong Hyangakpo

한국음악사학보 no.42 , 2009년, pp.79 - 108  
문숙희
초록

This paper studies the rhythms of Taeguk 大國 1·2·3, Kuch'ŏn 九天 and Pyŏldaewang 別大王 which are listed in order at the end of 『時用鄕樂譜』(Current Hyangak Score). These songs begin with the rhythm in which changgo’s 杖鼓 touch points are in 5·3·5·3 chŏnggans 井間 of chŏngganbo 井間譜, proceed with the rhythm in which changgo’s touch points are in 8·8·8·8 chŏnggans, and end with the first rhythm. These songs are related each other in rhythm. These songs show the difference between the rhythm in which changgo’s touch points are in 5·3·5·3 chŏnggans and the rhythm in which changgo’s touch points are in 8·8·8·8 chŏnggans. Changgo’s touch points are the very essential element of the rhythm. In this paper we have found how the rhythms are written in their chŏngganbo. The rhythm of Taeguk 1·2 in which changgo’s touch points are in 5·3·5·3 chŏnggans is 4/♩. One measure consists of four standard beats and one standard beat consists of three smaller beats. The rhythm of Taeguk 3 and Kuch'ŏn in which changgo’s touch points are in 8·8·8·8 chŏnggans is 4/4. One measure consists of four standard beats and one standard beat consists of two smaller beats. The rhythm of Pyŏldaewang goes from the rhythm of 4/4 back to the first rhythm of 4/♩. From these rhythms we can see that changgo’s one touch point becomes a standard beat, regardless the number of chŏnggans. The number of smaller beats for one standard beat depends on the number of chŏnggans. One standard beat in which changg’s touch points are in 5·3·5·3 chŏnggans consists of three smaller beats, and one standard beat in which changg’s touch points are in 8·8·8·8 chŏnggans consists of two smaller beats. Taeguk 1·2·3, Kuch'ŏn and Pyŏldaewang begin with the rhythm of 4/♩, go faster to the rhythm of 4/♩, and end with the first rhythm of 4/♩. Like these songs, Ch'ŏnnyŏn manse 千年萬歲 which is played now also begins with the rhythm of 4/♩, goes faster to the rhythm of 4/♩, and ends with the first rhythm of 4/♩. The phenomenon that a standard beat with three smaller beats changes into a faster standard beat with two smaller beats can be seen easily in our traditional music such as chajin mori and hwimori of sanjo.

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