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대한제국기 宮中宴享用家具 연구

Royal Court Banquet Furniture of the Korean Empire Period

미술사학연구 v.264 no.264 , 2009년, pp.127 - 157   http://dx.doi.org/10.31065/ahak.264.264.200912.005

During the Korean Empire period, special kinds of furniture were used for court banquets.These pieces of furniture either symbolized the emperor and his imperial authority or served toplace personal items belonging to the emperor. The appearance, stylistic characteristics and use offurniture of this type are detailed in chronicles documenting royal protocols such as Jinyeon Uigweor Jinchan Uigwe, and illustrations contained within them. Guidelines on the fabrication of royalcourt banquet furniture had been set forth since the early Joseon Dynasty, in Gukjo Oryeui (FiveNational Rites). At each banquet, an uigwe, the document recording proceedings of a royal courtevent, was drawn up, as well as details of preparations. These uigwe records, maintainedconsistently over centuries, helped ensure that royal banquet furniture was fabricated according tothe same specifications throughout the dynasty. During the Korean Empire period, there was asharp increase in the frequency of festive and ceremonial events hosted in the royal court, whichwas due in part to Gojong’s desire to strengthen the prestige of the royal house and affirm theauthority of his self-proclaimed position as the emperor. As a result, the production of uigwecommensurately increased as well during this period.Uigwe records notably contain information on groups of artisans enlisted to fabricate banquet furniture for the royal court, in the section‘Sangjeon (Reward Rules)’. Artisans who participatedin the fabrication of royal court banquet furniture, such as cabinet makers, carpenters, lacquerartisans, furniture priming painters, furniture sculptors and metal accessory artisans were assigneda grade between 1 and 3, and were accordingly rewarded by Jinyeoncheong and Jinchanso, thetwo royal agencies in charge of organizing court events. Once into the Korean Empire period, thecolors of the banquet furniture changed from red and black to yellow and red. This was alsoaccompanied by noticeable changes in decorative motifs. Practical aspects of furniture were largelysacrificed in favor of splendor and stateliness, with ornamentation now tending towardunderlining the grandeur of the emperor and the imperial house.The Korean Empire was an era that saw a lively exchange between the imperial house andthe outside world, as attested to by furniture imported from France seen in Deoksugung andChangdeokgung Palaces. Foreign influences, however, were kept at bay concerning courtbanquet furniture, which was fabricated according to the same old specifications establishedduring the early Joseon Dynasty. This is in large part owing to the fact that Gojong saw theintegrity of the tradition of Joseon’s royal house as essential to the goal of strengthening hisprestige as the ruler. Given the meager quantity of surviving royal banquet furniture producedduring this relative short period of ten years, reconstructing facts about them was not an easy task.This study presents information gleaned from uigwe records from the Korean Empire period,about how furniture of this type was used, the court agencies in charge of supplying it, and theorganization of artisans enlisted in its manufacture. Meanwhile, illustrations contained in uigwewere compared with surviving pieces of furniture to understand the stylistic characteristics ofbanquet furniture from this era.

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