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Impact of the Rice-Duck Farming System on Regional Agricultural Environment at Hongsung Area

Impact of the Rice-Duck Farming System on Regional Agricultural Environment at Hongsung Area

한국토양비료학회지(Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer) v.42 no.4 , 2009년, pp.67 - 71  
노기안, 김민경, 고병구, 김건엽, 심교문, 이덕배
초록

To clarify the impact of the rice-duck farming system on the regional environment and the surrounding, a case study was carried out at Hongdong Reservoir valley of Hongdong-myeon and Janggok-myeon, Hongseong-gun, Chungcheongnam-do where the density of livestock grazing is the highest and rice cultivation with the rice-duck farming system is extensively practiced. The soil characteristics and water qualities at paddy fields were compared between two rice cultivation methods of rice-duck farming system and conventional farming system. The organic matters and available phosphate contents in soil of paddy fields where the rice-duck farming system was practiced were higher than those of paddy fields where conventional farming system was practiced. However, the available phosphate content was lower than the optimum for rice cultivation and the mean concentration of paddy soil in Korea. The surface water quality of the paddy field with the rice-duck farming system was practiced had higher EC (137 %), CODCrr (220%), T-N (172 %), and T-P (226 %) contents than that with the conventional farming system was practiced. Especially, CODCr and T-P were more than 2 times higher, which tells that the possibility of water pollution by drainage water of paddy field is higher in the paddy fields with the rice-duck farming system practiced than in those with the conventional farming practiced. The higher contents of T-P and CODCr in surface water at the paddy field of rice-duck farming system practiced were directly caused by soil particles in themuddy water. Consequently, it is necessary to thoroughly manage the irrigation and drainage system of rice-duck farming system practiced to prevent outflow of surface water from paddy and pollution of surrounding water system.

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