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논문 상세정보

‘列聖御製別編’에 나타난 對明義理論의 전개

The Development of Joseon's Loyalty to the Ming Dynasty in Yeolseongeoje-byeolpyeon

열상고전연구 no.42 , 2014년, pp.585 - 612   http://dx.doi.org/10.15859/yscs..42.201412.585
안장리
초록

This study aimed at examining two things. One is to find out why there is a separate publication to Yeolseongeoje, a collection of writings by the kings of Joseon Dynasty, and the status of the existence of the collection. Second is to examine how Joseon's loyalty to the Ming Dynasty developed by king's reign in Yeolseongeoje-byeolpyeon. Yeolseongeoje-byeolpyeon contains the writings of Kings Sukjong, Yeongjo, Jeongjo, Sunjo and Ikjong and says that writings unfavorable to the Qing Dynasty were separately published and then tributed to kings or kept instead of being distributed. As for poems and proses in Yeolseongeoje-byeolpyeon, the collection includes more poems by King Sukjong than his proses. The number of proses by kings in the collection topped in King Jeongjo's reign, followed by Yeongjo's reign and Sukjong's reign. The figure sharply decreased in the reigns of Kings Sunjo and Ikjong. In this study, the development of Joseon's loyalty to the Ming Dynasty is divided into four stages by king's reign: forming stage; establishing stage; expanding stage; and enhancing stage. According to Sukjongeoje-byeolpyeon, King Sukjong's reign was the period when resentment against the Qing Dynasty and the willingness to conquer the north were strongly prevailed. In addition, the view to regard the Ming Dynasty, specifically Ming emperor Sin-chong, as the one who saved Joseon from Japanese Invasion of Korea in 1592 appeared, resulting in the formation of Joseon's loyalty to the Ming Dynasty. In King Yeongjo's reign, such view was intensified, emphasizing loyalty to the entire Ming Dynasty including Taejo and the last emperor Uijong. That is, during this period, respect for Zhou Dynasty that represents sinocentrism was more emphasized than repaying the Ming Dynasty's help during the Japanese Invasion. This is the essence of the argument for Joseon's loyalty to the Ming Dynasty, so King Yeongjo's reign is considered as the period when Joseon's loyalty to the Ming Dynasty was established. King Jeongjo regarded Joseon as the nation that had inherited the spirit of respecting Zhou Dynasty that represents sinocentrism and commended the descendants of the Ming Dynasty who inherited the spirit of respecting Zhou Dynasty that represents sinocentrism, significantly expanding the scope of Joseon's loyalty to the Ming Dynasty. In the reigns of Kings Sunjo and Ikjong, Joseon's loyalty to the Ming Dynasty was enhanced as the absolute ideology of the time, and therefore insolent words and behaviors towards the Ming Dynasty were subject to punishment. This period, therefore, is considered as enhancing stage. In conclusion, this study showed through Yeolseongeoje-byeolpyeon that Joseon's loyalty to the Ming Dynasty initiated from resentment against the Qing Dynasty and then developed from the movement to repay emperor Sin-chong's help in the Japanese Invasion to loyalty to the entire Ming Dynasty based on the respect for Zhou Dynasty that represents sinocentrism. Joseon's loyalty to the Ming Dynasty was further intensified through the reigns of kings Jeongjo, Sunjo and Ikjong.

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