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초헌법적 국가긴급권에 대한 위헌심사 연구 - 헌법재판소 2015. 3. 26. 2014헌가5 결정을 중심으로

A Study on Constitutional Examination of the Ultra-constitutional State Emergency Power - Constitutional Court Decision 2014Hun-Ka5 (Mar 26, 2015) -

공법연구 v.45 no.1 , 2016년, pp.137 - 175  
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초록

There are few thses on constitutional examination of the ultra-constitutional state emergency power. From the normative point of view, the ultra-constitutional state emergency power should always be unconstitutional because it exceeds the requirements & limitations of the state emergency power which are written on the constitution. From the practical point of view, there are few chances that the constitutional court can examine the ultra-constitutional state emergency power which is performed through the highly political determination of the President. But in some certain circumstances, there could be an extreme emergent situation that can not be solved through the regular state emergency power. And in such situations, there could be an urgent necessity that we should approve the ultra-constitutional state emergency power in order to overcome such crises. The Constitutional Court Decision 2014Hun-Ka5(Mar 26, 2015) provided a clue to solve the problems. In this case, the Constitutional Court of Korea implied a concern and conclusion for the constitutional examination of the ultra-constitutional state emergency power and the extreme emergent situation. Both President and Constitutional Court are the guardians of the constitution. But the determination of the President (that should cope with an urgent crisis through the state emergency power in order to protect the Constitution from the crisis) and the decision of the Constitutional Court (that should review whether the exercise of the emergency power was constitutional in order to protect the Constitution from the emergency power) can be different. And such a difference is the natural consequence of the separation of powers which sovereign citizens previously expected. In this thesis, I discussed the structure about the constitutional examination of the ‘ultra-constitutional state emergency power’, and I hypothetically researched the detailed contents for the ‘extreme emergent situation’ & ‘burden of proof’. Judgment whether there was an extreme emergent situation or not carries significant meaning in constitutional examination of the ultra-constitutional state emergency power.

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