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젠트리피케이션 관련 연구동향과 이해당사자 내용분석 - KCI 등재 및 등재후보지를 중심으로

Gentrification-related research trend and stakeholder content analysis - Focusing on journals listed in KCI and candidate journals -

문화콘텐츠연구 no.9 , 2017년, pp.65 - 101   http://dx.doi.org/10.34227/tjocc.2017..9.65
안덕초, 김용근

As interest has recently grown due to a positive․negative effect of gentrification on urban area and business section in Korea, many studies relating to gentrification have been carried out. Hence, this article was intended to grasp overall flow and issues in study and suggest a more practical and efficient research direction in the future by examining getrification-related research trend. For the purpose of study, 78 research papers relating to gentrification, which were listed in Korea Citation Index (KCI) from 1997 to 31 December 2016, were selected as research subjects. And a content analysis of research paper was conducted, focusing on fields of research, research method, research topic, research site and stakeholders, etc. The results of examining the trends of researches relating to gentrification, which were carried out for the last approximately 10 years, were as follows. First, the first study relating to gentrification was 『'A comparative analysis of gentrification and joint redevelopment』 conducted by Kyungwon Park. And with regard to period of serious study, it was introductory stage from 1997 to 2006, and there were many discussions relating to gentrification theory and application. And it was formative stage from 2007 to 2014, and it was shown that there was a slight increase in the amount of discussion about case study of gentrification in foreign countries, cause of occurrence, and pattern of change. It was a spreading stage after 2015, and there was a drastic increase in the amount of discussion on all topics relating to gentrification, It is thought that this was spread as research topic because public attention increased due to gentrification-related social problem and media exposure. Second, with regard to research topics, researches were mainly composed of those focusing on pattern of gentrification occurrence and cause of occurrence. And with regard to fields of research, studies were made, focusing on social science fields such as geography, regional development, economics and tourism science. In research method, it was shown that there was a large amount of qualitative research and descriptive research. Third, Sites to be studied were around Gangnam, Itaewon and Samcheong-dong, residential and business section in the national capital region, In addition, it is spreading widely as a big city in the province. Stakeholders were culture-maker and merchant, local resident. According to examining the trends of researches on gentrification as a whole, which have been carried out so far, at this point in time when the role and impotance of urban sociology is greatly emphasized due to gentrification-related phenomenon and effect, the research areas relating to gentrification should be developed into more profound and practical research, as those expand more diversely and widely in the future. Besides, it is thought that those should be developed into research on community building in consideration of change and characteristics of community that local community is composed of.

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