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일부 농어촌지역 치과위생사의 조직몰입과 직무만족, 행복지수에 관한 조사연구

A Research on Organizational Commitment, Job Satisfaction and the Happiness Index of Dental Hygienists in Rural Areas

한국도서연구 v.29 no.2 , 2017년, pp.113 - 132  
문선정, 가경환, 구인영, 김은희
초록

The purpose of this study was to investigate the organizational commitment, job satisfaction, and the happiness index by the general characteristics, give a full understanding of jobs and organizations, and provide basic data that could help cope quickly with the changes found in dental hospitals (and clinics). For this purpose, a self-administered survey was conducted in the dental hygienists of rural communities and a total of 709 questionnaires were analyzed. In this study, SPSS/Win 20.0 was used to perform descriptive statistics, independent t-test, one-way ANOVA, posttest, and regression analysis. The obtained results are the following. As for the differences in organizational commitment by age, the respondents aged 31-35 and ≥36 had higher levels of normative commitment than those aged ≤25 and 26-30. The married had higher levels of emotional and normative commitment than the unmarried; the university graduates or those at higher education levels had higher levels of continuance commitment than the college graduates. The respondents earning an average of ≥2.5 million won a month had higher levels of emotional and normative commitment than those earning an average of <2 million won or 2-<2.5 million won a month; the respondents with ≥3 turnovers had higher levels of normative commitment than those with no turnover. As for the differences in job satisfaction by age, the respondents aged ≥36 had higher levels of wage relations and job demands than those aged ≤25 and 26-30; the respondents aged 31-35 had higher levels of job demands than those aged 26-30. The married had higher levels of wage relations and job demands than the unmarried; the respondents earning an average of 2-<2.5 million won and ≥2.5 million won a month had higher levels of wage relations than those earning an average of <2 million won a month; the respondents earning an average of ≥2.5 million won a month had higher levels of job demands than those earning an average of <2 million won and 2-<2.5 million won a month; and the respondents with ≥3 turnovers had higher levels of wage relations than those with no turnover. The respondents aged ≥36 had a higher happiness index than those aged ≤25, 26-30, and 31-35; the married and the college graduates had a higher happiness index. The respondents earning an average of 2-<2.5 million won and ≥2.5 million won a month had a higher happiness index than those earning an average of <2 million won a month; the respondents with ≥3 turnovers had a higher happiness index than those with no turnover. The older had lower level of organizational commitment, and those who were married had higher levels of organizational commitment. The married (β=0.121) had higher levels of job satisfaction, higher level of education and lower happiness index. On the basis of these results, it is necessary to give chances for education and make efforts to improve the conditions with the objective of exploring the characteristics of members, maintaining and improving their organizational commitment, job satisfaction, happiness index, making positive strategic plans at an organizational level, and improving their satisfaction and expertise.

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