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논문 상세정보

1905년 일본정부 「각의결정」 등의 국제법적 검토

Review on the 1905 Japan Cabinet Decision and Notice of Shimane Prefecture in Terms of International Law

독도연구 no.23 , 2017년, pp.227 - 261  
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초록

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan and Takeshima Study Group of Shimane Prefecture have argued that Japan acquired Takeshima as a part of Japanese Territory through the 1905 Japan Cabinet Decision and Notice of Shimane Prefecture. These Legislative Measures to incorporate Dokdo of Korea into Japan, however, breached international law of Acquisition of Territory. First of all, the request of Nakai Yōzaburo of 1904 for the incorporation of the “Lyanko Islands” into Japanese territory and lease(hereinafter ‘the request of Nakai Yōzaburo of 1904’) apparently describe the fact that Dokdo is closer to the Ulleugndo Island of Korea than the Oki Islands of Japan. And 1905 Japan Cabinet Decision also states that Dokdo have had not occupied other Country. These descriptions mean Japan noticed that Korea is interesting country in regard to the Dokdo Island. Notwithstanding Japan realized it, Japan did not make sure the intention of Korea in violation of international law. Second, since Korean Imperial Edict No. 41 of 1900 was promulgated, Japan Cabinet Decision has adopted just four years after. The passage of four year does not elapse the period of reasonably sufficient time to secure effective control over Dokdo by Korea. So that Japan infringed on the inchoate territorial right of Korea. Third, the request of Nakai Yōzaburo of 1904 reveals that close relationship of Dokdo and Korea. It means that Dokdo belongs to the Korea Territory under the right of proximity and within the sphere of influence of Ulleundo Island. Fourth, although the 1905 Japan Cabinet Decision entirely based on the request of Nakai Yōzaburo of 1904, the 1905 Japan Cabinet Decision deliberately conceals the description of the request of Nakai Yōzaburo of 1904 that Dokdo is closer to Korea. This attitude intends to evade the application of geographical proximity doctrine, which was recognised as a legal mode of acquisition of territoriality at that time, to Dokdo. Last but not least, the 1905 Japan Cabinet Decision and the request of Nakai Yōzaburo of 1904 perceives that if Korea would know the attempt of incorporation of Dokdo into Japan, the attempt would be failed by objection of Korea. For this reason, Japan adopted Cabinet Decision as a lower legislation in lieu of enactment of royal edict or statute on the incorporation of Dokdo as a new part of territory. And the Notice of Shimane Prefecture of 1905 was just local legal basis to take administrative measure.

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