연세지역 아파트 주민의 모자보건과 가족계획에 대한 지식, 태도와 실천을 파악하기 위하여 1970년 11 월24일부터 12월 30일까지 305명의 유배우가임부인을 대상으로 조사 하였다. 본 연구를 통해 얻어진 결과를 요약하면 다음과 같다. A. 임신과 출산 1. 현 임신율 16.4% 2. 분만장소 출산경험이 있는 281명에 대한 최종아의 분만중 48.0%가 의사 또는 조사원이 개조 하였고 그 나머지 52.0%는 가정분만이었다. 교육정도, 매스메디아 접촉정도가 높을수록, 그리고 도시출생성장일수록 병원 또는 조산원 분만이 높았다. 9. 분만시 방포 사용 종류 가정분만 141예중 세멘트 포대와 비닐을 깐 경우가 합해서 50%이었고 아무것도 깔지 않고 분만한 경우도 4예가 있었다. 4. 제대 절단 용구와 소독 가정 분만 141예중 70.2%가 가위를 사용했고, 소독해서 사용한 예는 불과 24.1%이었다. 5. 산후 휴식기간 산후 1달 혹은 1달이상 휴식한 예가 47.3%이었고 교육정도가 높아짐에 따라 길어지고 있다. 6. 초유처리 초유를 애기에게 먹인 예가 52.4%이있고 교육정도에 따라 유의한 차이가 없었다. 7. 산전 산후의 금기 음식 42.9%가 산전 산후에 먹어서는 안될 음식이 있다는 그릇된 지식을 갖고 있다. B. 아동 보건 1. 예방접종에 관한 지식과 실천 어린이 예방접종 6가지 모두 알고있는 부인은 20.3%이며 93.2%가 1가지 이상 알고있었다. 1가지 이상 실시한 경우는 85.2%이었고 교육정도별 유의한 차이는 없었다. 2. 최종아의 이환과 치료 48.1%가 아픈 일이 있었으며 그중 병원 이용은 41.5%이었다. 3. 육아 상담 76.5%가 상담한 일이 없었으며 세브란스 병원 육아 지도회 이용율은 13.2%의 저율을 보였고 앞으로의 육아지도회 이용할 생각은 54.1%가 생각 없다고 하였다. 4. 수 유 최종아의 이유기간은 6개월
A study of the knowledge, attitude and practices about the maternal and child health of 305 married women residing in apartments at the Yonsei Community Health area was conducted during the period from November to December 1970 using designed questionnaire with well trained interviewers. The results and findings obtained from the study are summarized as follows: A. Pregnancy and Birth Questions were asked about their last child. 1. 16.4% of the women were pregnant. 2. Among 281 women who had experienced delivery, 48.0% were assisted by doctor or midwisves for their last delivery, while the rest of women delivered their last baby at home without any professional's assistance. The higher the level of education or the greater exposure to mass communication, the more the deliveries were assisted by doctors or midwives. Those women who were born and raised in cities had more deliveries assisted by doctors and midwives than those who were not. 3. Kinds of delivery sheets used. Among 141 cases of home delivery 68% used cement bag paper or vinyl sheets. Three% used nothing and remained used unsterile materials. 4. Among 141 cases of home delivery, 70.2% used scissors. The rest of them used other methods. 5. 47.3% of the women had a rest for one month or more after birth. The higher the level of education, the longer the period of rest was observed. 6. 52.4% of the women fed the colostrum to their babies. This was not related to the mother's education. 7 About half(42.9%) of the women had poor knowledge about a proper diet for the pre and post natal period. B. Child Health 1. Knowledge and practice regarding to the immunization for their children: Most of the women (93.2%) could name at least one kind of immunization. 20.3% could name 6 kinds of immunization. Mothers education level did not influence their ability to name immunizations. 85.2% of children had been immunized at least once. 2. Morbidity of last born children: 48.1% of their last born children were found to have been sick during the last year. Less than half(41.5%) of the sick children were seen by doctor. 3. Counselling at well baby clinic: Most of the women(76.5%) had no counselling for their children. Registration rate at the well baby clinic at the Severance Hospital was 13.2%. 45.9% wanted to visit to the well baby clinic at the Severance Hospital. 4. Weaning Period: 44.6% said that the beginning of the weaning for their last born children was from 6 months to twelve months of age. The most important reason of weaning was the health of both mothers and children. 5. Knowledge and Practice regarding birth and death Registration: 64.6% of the women could name correctly the Ku-office as the place for the registration. Only 29.2% registered the birth of their last born children within 14 days. C. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice regarding to family planning Most: of the women accepted the idea of family planning. 97.7% could name at least one contraceptive method. 35.4% were found to be current users of contraceptive methods. The ideal number of children was 3.1 in average.
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