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세제의 종류 및 세척온도에 따른 각종 섬유직물의 세척성

Detergency of Woven Fabrics in Relation to the Detergents and Washing Temperature

Abstract

To investigate detergency of various woven fabrics in relation to the detergents and washing temperature. cotton, polyester/cotton (p/c), nylon, acetate, and polyester were soiled in aqueous artificial ($carbon-CCl_4$) soil. Each fabric was washed with soap, alkaline and neutral synthetic detergents at $30^{\circ}C$, $40^{\circ}C$ and $60^{\circ}C$ respectively. The results obtained may be summerized as follows; 1. In soap, ascension of temperature had the most important effect upon washing efficiency and the higher the temperature was, the higher the washing efficiency was showed in all fabrics. And in case of alkaline synthetic detergent, nylon and p/c fabrics were much more difficult to clean at higher temperature and also acetate and polyester had the best efficiency at $40^{\circ}C$. Detergency of neutral detergent was good but the effect of temperature in neutral detergent was less than in soap. 2. Washing efficiency of cotton was less than that of others. 3. The higher the temperature was, the higher the washing efficiency of cotton in all detergents, and the best was in soap. In p/c, detergency of neutral detergent was good but effect of ascension of temperature was lower than in soap. In nylon, washing efficiencies of alkaline synthetic detergent and neutral detergent were excellent at 30°C but detergency of soap at $60^{\circ}C$ was best. In case of acetate, detergency of all detergents was about the same at $30^{\circ}C$ but that of soap at $60^{\circ}C$ was best. In polyester at $30^{\circ}C$, efficiency of neutral detergent was excellent but that of soap was more excellent at higher temperature and the best detergency of alkaline synthetic detergent showed at $40^{\circ}C$. In general. the higher the temperature is, the higher the washing efficiency of soap is. But when synthetic fibers of nylon and polyester are washed with synthetic detergents, washing at lower temperature is advisable.

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