본 연구는 우리나라 주요 산림해충중 흰불나방, 오리나무잎벌레 및 솔잎혹파리 방제 대책의 일환으로 미생물 병원체를 조사하고져 실시하였다. 흰불나방에서 분리된 징충물은 핵다각체 Virus와 Bacillus sp. 일종이엇는데 살충효과는 무처리 $27.8\%$에 대해 각각 $70.6\%$와 $49.5\%$로서 핵다각체 Virus의 경우가 우수하였다. 오리나무잎벌레에서는 세균과 진균 각 1종씩 분리되었는데 그중 진균만이 병원성을 보였으며 이는 백강균의 1종인 Beauveria bassiana로 동정되었고 이 균의 살충력은 무처리구 $49.2\%$에 비해 $96.2\%$의 높은 비율을 나타내었다. 솔잎혹파리에서는 모두 15종의 미생물이 분리동정되었으나 그중 3개의 세균종류와 3개의 진균이 병원성을 나타냈으며 가장 병원성이 강했던 것은 Fusarium sp.였고 그 다음이 Bacillus sp. I과 Spicaria sp.의 순서였다. 1957연부터 1977연에 걸쳐 솔잎혹파리에서 분리된 병원미생물을 흰불나방 및 오리나무잎벌레에 접종한 결과 어느 경우나 병원성을 인정할 수 없었다.
The study has been carried to investigate a possibility to control several major insect pest of forest by microbial pathogens existing in nature as one of the biological control measure. Microorganisms including polyhedral virus isolated from diseased fall webworm were total of 4 kinds pathogenic microbes among these 4 kinds were polyhedral virus and Bacillus .species. Control effect of these two pathogens appeared to be $70.6\%$ and $49.5\%$, respectively, when they were compared with those of control plot that was $27.8\%$. Each one of bacterium species and fungus species were isolated from diseased Japanese alder leaf beetle. Pathogenisity to the healthy beetle was recognized by the fungus species, while the bacterium showed none of pathogenisity. The fungus was identified as Beauveria sp. and its effect on the beetle control was $96.2\%$ while untreated plot showed $49.2\%$ of dead beetles in the same period. Fifteen species of microbes were isolated from diseased larvae of pine gall midge. Six species out of 15 showed certain level of insecticidal effect to the larvae of the insects. The highest efficiency was showed by a fungus species, Fusarium sp. and was followed by Bacillus SP. I, Spicaria sp. pathogens isolated from larvae of pine gall midge did not affected to both of Japanese alder leaf beetles and fall webworms in any means.
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