이 시험은 수직 사이로에 충진된 옥수수를 대상으로 M.B를 사용하여 자연중력하에서 소독할 때 M.B가스의 침투확산성 및 살충효과를 요약하면 다음과 같다. 1. 사이로 표층의 M.B가스 농도는 투약후 2시간후부터 100mg/l 이상에서 20mg/l 이하로 급격히 감소하였다. 2. 사이로 표층으로부터 3m 깊이 지점의 M.B가스 농도는 투약후 12시간이후 100mg/l 이상에서 30mg/l 이하로 감소되었으며 표층의 고농도 M.B가스가 불과 30분 이내에 3m 깊이 까지 침투되었음을 알 수 있었다. 3. 사이로 표층으로부터 고농도의 M.B가스는 13m 깊이 지점까지 1시간 이내에 침투되었으며 투약후 48시간까지 지속적으로 100mg/l 이상
This experiment was carried out to investigate the penetration velocity and diffusion ability of methyl bromide fumigants under the condition of natural gravity, and the effect of in control of yellow corn in the vortical silo. The results were as fallows 1. The methyl bromide remainded concentration on the surface of the vertical silo was rapidly reduced from over 100mg/l to under 20mg/l, within 2 hours after supplying methyl bromide fumigant 2. Even 3m depth place from the surface of the vertical silo filled with yellolw corn was well penetrated within 30 minutes, but its remained methyl bromide gas was reduced gradually from over 100mg/l to 30mg/l after 12 hours duration. 5. In case of 13m place tile penetration ability of methyl bromide was over 100mg/l within one hour and kept the same concentration of it for 12 hours, its remainded methyl bromide preserved over 40mg/l until 48 duration time. 4. Less methyl bromide gas was detected at the bottom place than 3m and 13m depth of the vertical silo. It showed bellow 20mg/l of methyl bromide gas only through the whole duration time. 5. Comparing to the vertical penetration velocity of mehtyl bromide gas, the horizontal diffusion ability was not so good. Therefore, remained methyl bromide gas of 3m depth at the wall side of silo was about half than that of center circle where the nearer place from the methyl bromide supplying point, and the methyl bromide gas of 13m depth placed center circle was detected about 15 to 20 times than that of wall side. 6. For the purpose of examining the mortality of methyl bromide, the testing insects (Lesser Rice weevil and confused flour beetle) placed on the surface and bottom side of the silo were killed completely after 24 hrs fumigation, and the same results showed also at the 3m, 7m and 13m depth after 48 hrs fumigation.
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