A study on the water pollution of Gumho river by the relationship between physio-chemical conditions and water quality level by phytoplankton was examined at 7 sampling positions during the period from Aug. 1 to Nov. 30, 1981. Examination of physio-chemicat water analysis such as temperature, pH, DO, BOD, and biological analysis are as follows: 1. pH was in the range of 6.6-7.3. 2. At all positions DO was0.5-11.9 mg/l. But at Shinchun bridge and Gangchang was 0.5-3.9 mg/l. 3. BOD was in the range of 3.4-29.2 mg/l. Banyawol, Dongchon and Gumdan was shown good condition. But at Shinchun bridge was 21.1-29.2 mg/l. 4. The plankton identification in this study period showed, Cyanophyceae is 7 genera 13 species, Bacillariophyceae is 11 genera 32 species, and Chlorophceae is 17 genera 27 species: total 35 genera 72 species. 5. In the point of phytoplankton classification, upper stream of Banyawol, Dongchon and Gumdan which BOD was 3.4-8.7 mg/l, dominant phytoplanktons were Synedra ulna, Ulothrix sp., Oscillatoria sp. and Frusturia rhomboides. At Shinchun bridge which BOD was 21.1-29.2 mg/l, Microcystis aeruginosa, Closterium acerosum and Oscillatoria sp were found a small. At 3rd gongdan which BOD was 9.2-12.5 mg/l, dominant species were Synedra ulna, Hormidium sp and Actinastrum hantzschii. At Paldal which BOD was 7.8-9.2 mg/l, dominant species were Nitzschia palea, Synedra ulna and Scenedesmus bijuga. At Gangchang of down stream which BOD was 6.9-9.2 mg/l, dominant phytoplanktons were Closterium acerosum, Microcystis aeruginosa and Actnastrum hantzschii. 6. The results of biological water analysis by saprobic system were as follows: Banyawol was from oligosaprobic to $\beta$-mesosaprobic, Dongchon and Gumdan was from $\beta$-mesosaprobic to $\beta$-mesosaprobic, Shinchun bridge was polysaprobic, 3rd gongdan was from $\alpha$-mesosaprobic to $\beta$-polysaprobic, Paldal was $\beta$-polysaprobic and Gangchang was $\alpha$-polysaprobic.
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