The purpose of this study was to standardize and classify the coordination pattern among the left and right masseter and anterior temporal muscles, in terms of integrated EMG values per stroke during gum chewing in normal subjects. In this study, 20 normal subjects were selected to chew a piece of gum and integrated EMG from middle portion of the masseter and anterior temporal muscles on both sides were recorded 20 times during each of the right and left chewing respectively. And the Bioelectric Processor Model EM2 (Myo-tronies Research, Inc., U.S.A.) with the surface electrodes was used to record the EMG activity during all experimental procedures. The results were as follows; 1. In all subjects, the chewing side masseter muscle was predominantly active among the four muscles examined. 2. The integrated EMG value of the middle of masseter muscle was significantly predominant than those of the anterior temporal muscle (p<0.0001) on the chewing side, but no significant predominant was observed on the nonchewing side (p<0.98). 3. In comparison with same muscles on the chewing and nonchewing side, low correlation coefficient was found between the middle of masseter muscles (R=0.317), but high correlation coefficient was found between the anterior temporal muscles (R=0.738). Between two muscles on the same side, there were significant correlation in the chewing (R=0.557) and nonchewing side (R=0.625). 4. In the coordination patterns among four muscles examined, distinct individual differences were found, but in an identical subject one fixed pattern appeared with significant reproducibility.
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