The purpose of this study was to improve limitations and disadvantages of the mechanical pantograph and the Visi-Trainer, and to design the reliable and reproducible device mandibular movement tracking device (MMTD) that is more simple, convenient and save the chair time than the mechanical pantograph and Visi-Trainer. MMTD was consist of head frame, horizontal bar, condylar path tracking stylus holders, anterior path tracking stylus holder, two condylar path plastic recording plates, one anterior path plastic recording plate, toggles and open occlusal clutch. To prove the reliability and reproducibility of MMTD, a five adults were selected and mandibular condylar movement was recorded one time by the mechanical pantographic tracing and MMTD. The border movement recording of the mandibular incisor (frontal, sagittal and horizontal) was also recorded by Visi-Trainer and the MMTD. The obtained results were as follows; 1. The condylar movement path (sagittal, horizontal) of the MMTD was not coincidence with that of mechanical pantograph. 2. Measurements of the angulation which established between working and balancing path records by use of the mechanical pantograph and MMTD, there was no significance. 3. In a view of MMTD's reproducibility, there was revealed almost similar recording pattern. 4. The border movement recording of the mandibular incisor by the MMTD and the Visi-Trainer showed almost same reliability and reproducibility. 5. The subjects were able to his original mandibular movements by use of open occlusal clutch in the MMTD.
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