The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of the occlusal interference on the activity of anterior temporal and masseter muscles during maximal biting. In seven subjects, cast hard gold cap providing new occlusal surface approximately 0.5mm above its occlusal level was cemented on the mandibular right first molar during aquired experimental period. EMG recordings were taken bilaterally during one second hardest possible clenching four times. This procedure was done not only before, immediately after, 48 hours after and one week after cementation of interfering crown but also immediately after and one week after removal of occlusal interfering crown. The results were as follows : 1. Immediately after cementation of interfering crown, the activity was significantly decreased in all muscles studied. 2. One week after cementaion of interfering crown, the lowest muscle activity was recorded. But clinical sign and symptoms were significantly subsided. 3. Immediately after removal of interfering crown, the activity was increased in all muscles studied. 4. One week after removal of interfering crown, the activity of masseter muscles was increased to the level of before cementation of interfering crown. 5. There was no significant activity difference between right and left in the muscle studied. 6. Masseter muscle activity showed significant change than anterior temporalis with the unilateral mandibular posterior tooth interference.
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