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전북지역 양호교사의 업무수행과 자신감과 그에 영향하는 요인에 관한 연구

A Study on the Factors of the school health Teachers' Self-confidence Affecting the School Nursing Activities in Jeonbuk Province

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to analyze the factors affecting the school health teachers' self-confidence. This study was conducted with 87 school health teachers working in Jeonbuk province, from September to December, 1986, The results are follows; 1. Demographic characteristics of school health teachers 1) Age mean ; 34, range; 23-54 2) School Nursing experience mean; 11 years, range; 0-24 3) Clinical experience mean; 1.5 years, range: 0-13 2. Status of school health resources & nursing activities 1) Personnel resource school health teacher: pupils : 1 : 1,436 'classes=1:31 'general teacher=1:39 2) Budget Total school operating budget: School health budget : 100 : 4.2 (52.2 thousand Won) Half of the school health budget expend on medicine. 3) Clinic 80% of all schools have health clinic seperately. 71.32 of all schools have less than $35m^2$, 23.9%, $36-66m^2$. 4) Only 20% of all schools have organization for health 5) Average of clinic visitor for 1 year; 2,084 Major problem is on digestive system. And other problem: respiratory, skin, musculo - skeletal system, dental problem, etc... 6) Literal message for 1 year; 12 times. For health education (4), vaccination (3), examination of parasites (2), etc... 3. The degrees of the school health teachers' self-confidence 1) Program planning & evaluation; 2.9. 2) Clinic management; 2.8 3) Health education; 2.8 4) Management of school environment; 2.7 5) Health care services; 2.5. 6) Operating of school health organization; 2.3 4. Significances to self-confidence on school health nursing activities 1) Program planning & evaluation: home message (r=.228, p<.05) No. of clinic visitor (r=.220, p<.05) expending time for clinic management (r=.229, p<.05) religion (t: 2.5, p<.05) level of school (F=6.3, p<.005) 2) Clinic management: age of school health teacher (r=-.202, p<.05) school health experience (r=-.211, p<.05) salary step (r=.187, p<.05) expending time for clinic management (r=.315, p<0.1) marital status (t=3.97, p<.005) level of school (F=3,139, p<0.5) 3) Management of school environment: level of school (F=3.899, p<.05) expending time for clinic management (r=-,216, p<0.5) 4) Health care service: age of school health teacher (r=-.186, p<.05) marital status (t= 3.67, pH.005) 5) Health education: expending times for clinic management (r=-.252, p<05) level of school (F=5.343, p<.01) 6) Operating of health organization; age of school health teacher (r=-.258, p<.01)salary step (r=.188, p<.05) Based on the above results, the suggestions are as follows; 1. Need to raise ,appointment rate school health teacher. 2. Need to raise self-confidence on school health nursing activities through the inservice education or re-inforcement. 3. Need to secure adequate budget for school health. 4. Participation of school health teacher and support of school master for school health services are required. 5. Need for use the health clinic seperately, adequate facilities and free utilization by visitors.

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