Mandibular movements are guided mainly by three determinants, namely the two posterior controls (the Temporomandibular joints) and the anterior control (the incisal guidance). The aim of this study was to evaluate the incisal guide angle in effort to reconcile a patient's condylar guide angle and incisu guide angle, to develop criteria for incisal guidance in clinical practice. 48 subjects (male 33, female 15) with intact intercuspation, without past history and symptoms of stomatognathic system, were selected for this study. All of the subjects had not anterior prostheses. The sagittal condylar guide angles and incisal guide angles were measured and estimated statistically by cephalogram and articulator (Whip-Mix 8500A). The results of this study were as follows: 1. Average of condylar guide angle was 43.33 degree by cephalogram, and was 35.18 degree by articulator. 95% confidence interval was from 40.43 to 46.23 degrees in cephalogram and was from 32.98 to 37.38 degrees in articulator. 2. Average of incisal guide angle was 51.51 degree by cephalogram, and was 44.11 degree by articulator. 95% confidence interval was from 49.12 to 54.95 degrees in cephalogram and was from 40.67 to 47.56 douses in articulator. 3. Difference between condylar and incisal guide angle was 8.18 degree by cephalogram, and was 8.94 degree by articulator. 95% confidence interval was from 4.61 to 11.74 degrees in cephalogram and was from 4.90 to 12.98 degrees in articulator. 4. In case of the incisal guide angle steeper than condylar guide angle, subjects were 69% (33 of 48) in cephatogram and 75% (36 of 48) in articulator. 5. By the multiple regression equation, condylar guide angle was more influenced by the anterior teeth. 6. When the mandible protrudes from the intercuspal position to the edge to edge position the incisal linear movement was 4.18mm (S.D.:1.30mm) and the condylar linear movement was 4.38mm (S.D.:1.26mm).
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