This study was taken to observe the changes of the residual stress in the alloy and to measure 3 dimensional distortions of the long span ceramo-metal bridge. The materials used in this study were Pors-on 4 (Pd-Ag alloy), and Ceramco and Vita VMK 68 powders. The residual stress of the alloy was measured on the six specimens (dia. 8m/m) by the X-ray diffraction stress analyzer according to the kind of ceramic powder and different measuring stages. And, for the measurement of the distortions, fifteen specimens of the anterior 8-unit ceramo-metal brige were fabricated and subjected to the 3-D coordinate measuring machine. Variables included the 2 kinds of a ceramic powder and the presence or absence of a splint bar at the cast metal framework. The measuring stages in both were after casting, after degassing and after glazing. The following conclusions were obtained : 1. The residual stress of the alloy showed increasing tendency for the tension by the ceramic fusing, but there was not significance. 2. The tendency of the distortions in the cast metal frameworks were decrease of the width, the anterior displacement and sagging. 3. The amount of the distortions at the degassing stage were greater than that at the ceramic fusing stage. 4. The splint bar was effective to control the distortion only at ceramic fusing stage. 5. The sagging distortion in the Ceramco firing were even through all measuring stages, but in the Vita firing, pronounced at degassing stage.
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