This study was carried out to investage the effect of cryoprotectant concentration and equilibration time on volume change and in vitro development of intact and bisected mouse embryos by rapid freezing. When compacted morulae were rapidly frozen in 3.0 to 4.0 glycerol or DMSO with 0.25M sucrose solution, the superior(P<0.05) post-thaw survival rate was obtained at the glycerol concentration of 4.0M(89.4%) than 3.0M(71.4%) or 5.0M(42.4%), but at the DMSO concentration of 3.0M(84.5%) than 4.0M(51.1%) or 5.0M(0.0%). The optimal equilibraton time for rapid freezing of ZP-free or bisected morulae in 4.0M glycerol with 0.25M sucrose was found tobe 3 minutes. The minimal volume of compacted morulaewhich corresponded with 61 to 62% of pre-equilibrated embryo volume was obtained from equilibration for 3 minutes in both 3.0 and 4.0M glycerol solutions with 0.25M sucrose.
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