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의복 및 신체 만족도와 학업성취도가 사회적 자아존중감에 미치는 영향

The Effect of Clothing Satisfaction, Body Cathexis, and School Achievement Related to Social Self-esteem


The purposes of this study were 1) to investigate high school girls' overall clothing satisfac-tion and self concepts, 2) to clarify the relationship between clothing satisfaction and self concept in terms of body cathexis, school achievement and social self-esteem, and 3) to find out the social self-esteem differences among the groups related to the high and low levels of clothing satisfaction, body cathexis as well as school achievement. Body Cathexis was measured by the Secord and Jofrard's Body Cathexis Scale. School achievement and social self-esteem were assessed with the modified questionnaires based on the previous researches. Clothing satisfaction which included 3 aspects was measured by the questionnaires developed for this study. The questionnaire was administered to 464 high school students in Seoul, and the data were aiialyzed by frequency, 1-test, one-way·ANOVA and SNK test, Pearson's product moment correlation and factor analysis. The results of this study were as follows: 1) High-school girls 'body' cathexis showed low levels of mean and distribution, wheareas school achievement and social self-esteem showed high levels of those.2) There werf significant positive correlation between clothing satisfaction and all of the self concept variables. In addition, positive correlation were found among the three self concept variables. 3) Three clothing satisfaction factors were emerged and named as clothing possession, clothing selection ability and parent's clothing restriction. Clothing posses- sion and parent's clothing restriction were generally satisfied. 4) School achievement was the most influencial variable for the level of serial self-esteem. It was thought that body dissatisfac-tion would be relieved by the high clothing satisfaction.

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  1. 2000. "Influencing Factors of Korean Female Adolescent′s Clothing Behaviors: -Effects of Psychological Characteristics, Age and Residence-" 한국의류학회지 = Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, 24(4): 475~486 
  2. 2001. "The relationship between Weight Control Behavior and Satisfaction with Fit of Apparel" 한국의류학회지 = Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, 25(1): 13~24 
  3. 2002. "A study on the Body Cathexis and Appearance Management Behaviors of High School Girls" 韓國 家政科敎育學會誌 = Journal of Korean Home Economics Education Association, 14(1): 55~73 
  4. 2002. "A Study on the Development and Effect of the Teaching and Learning Plan for the Dress Part in Home Economics by the Application of the Values Clarification Theory - Centering The Business High School -" 韓國 家政科敎育學會誌 = Journal of Korean Home Economics Education Association, 14(2): 79~95 
  5. 2002. "The Effect of Body Cathexis, Weight Control Behavior on Clothing Behavior" 한국의류학회지 = Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, 26(11): 1491~1501 


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