용천뽕에 개량뽕을 교배하여 채종한 종자가 발아하는 생장점에 0.2% colchicine용액을 적하처리하여 4배성인 4원뽕 11호, 12호, 13호 및 14호를 창성하였으며 그 주요특성은 다음과 같다. 1. 이른봄의 발아개엽기는 개량뽕과 비슷한 중뽕이다. 2. 잎은 대형 또는 중형의 심장형이며 표면은 강강감이 있으며, 잎두께, 잎면적중, 수분율이 2배체에 비하여 증가 되었다. 3. 2배체인 교배모품종에 비하여 평균가지길이는 짧고 마디사이길이와 측지수는 두 모품종의 중간정도이었다. 4. 가지끝마름율은 1.6~2.5%로서 강한 내동성(cold hardiness)을 나타내고 있으므로 내동성이 강한 3배체 육성소재로 유망하다.
Four tetraploid mulberry lines, Sawonppon No.11, No.13 and No.14, were induced by the colchicine treatment on the shoot tips of seedlings originated from the cross between Yongchonppong and Kaeryanppong. The major characteristics of the tetraploid lines were as follows: Green tip sprouting stage was similar to Kaeryanppong, a medium budding variety. Leaves were medium- to large-sized cordate type. Leaf surface was rougher and stronger than that of the diploid parents. Leaf thickness, leaf area weight and leaf water content were higher than those of the diploid parents. Average branch length was shorter than that of the diploid parents. Internode length and number of lateral branches were similar to the average values of the two parents. Death atop rate of branch was 1.6%~2.5% indicating strong cold-hardiness of the tetraploid lines. Therefore, these lines could be used as sources of cold-hardiness in developing triploid lines.
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