In this paper, an iterative inversion method in angular spectral domain is presented for microwave imaging of a perfectly conducting cylinder. Angular spectra are calculated from measured far-field scattered fields. And then both the propagating modes and the evanescent modes are defined. The center and initial shape of an unknown conductor may be obtained by the characteristics of angular spectra and the total scattering cross section (TSCS). Finally, the orignal shape is reconstructed by the modified Newton algorithm. By using well estimated initial shape the local minima can be avoided, which might appear when the nonlinear equation is solved with Newton algorithm. It is shown to be robust to noise in scattered fields via numerical examples by keeping only the propagating modes and filtering out the evanescent modes.
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