본 연구에서는 선미벌브의 채택이 유체력 특성 및 조종성능에 미치는 영향에 관해서 실험적으로 고찰하였다. 연구방법으로서는 일반선미 형상과 선미벌브 형상을 가지는 각각의 모형선을 공시선으로, 회류수조에서 조종성 관련 구속모형시험을 실시하여 양 선형의 차이에 기인하는 유체력 특성과 조종성능을 비교, 검토하였다. 연구 결과, 선미벌브를 채택함으로써 침로안정성은 나빠지지만 선회력이 향상됨을 확인하였고, 이러한 조종성능의 특성과 유체력 특성과의 상관관계를 규명하였다.
In the present paper, An emphasis is laid upon effects of stern bulb on hydrodynamic property and manoeuvring performance. We carried out captive model tests in circulating water channel with two ship models of which the frame lines of aft bodies are different. such as normal stern form and stern form with bulb, but of which the other parts are exactly same. The tests conducted consist of hull resistance test, effective thrust measurement, oblique tow test, and measurements of factors related to rudder force. From the results of model tests, we discussed effects of stern bulb on hull forces and on hull-propeller-rudder interactions, comparing with normal stern form. Furthermore, we also discussed effects of stern bulb on course stability. turning ability. spiral characteristics and zig-zag manoeuvre by computer simulation. As a result, it is clarified that the adoption of stern bulb makes course stability the worse and turning ability the better. The difference of the hydrodynamic derivatives of naked hull between two ship forms cause the worse course stability of the ship with stern bulb. The differences of the effective inflow velocity to rudder and hull forces induced by steered rudder cause the better turning ability of the ship with stern bulb.
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