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AIDS에 대한 보건교육을 통한 일부 사병의 지식 및 태도변화

Change of Knowledge and Attitude toward AIDS of Soldier through Health Education

Abstract

This study was conducted to investigate changes of knowledge and attitude toward AIDS of soldier through health education. The sample was selected with and experimental group(160 persons who were received health education group) and control group(160 persons who were not received), 20-21 years of age from 320 persons(soldier) who were between in a certain base located in Kyung Gi province. The data was collected from 24th Feb. to 21st April 1993. By questionnaires before and post test for education process about 4 weeks(pre and post test). The results of this study were as follows ; Of 320 soldiers 66.6% had received health education on sex before attending in base, 58.8%(94 persons) of experimental group and 58.1%(93 persons) had experience with sexual intercourse. In characteristics related to sexual intercourse experience, age of first sexual intercourse for experimental group was 19 in highest percentage as 30.0%, 18 in control group, 64.9% of experimental group and 61.4% of control group answered no use condom during sexual intercourse. About the reasons why use condom 51.5% of experimental group answered to prevention of VD and 44.4% of control group answered to prevention of partner's pregnancy in the highest percentage. There was no significant difference between mean score of knowledge level of experimental group and mean score of control group in pre-test. There was significant difference between mean score(15.23) of experimental group and mean score(12.98) of control group(p<0.01) in post-test. The attitude level in pre, post education was mean score 11. There was significant difference between mean score(9.04) of experimental group in pre-test and mean score(9.39) in post education(p<0.05), There was also significant difference between mean score(9.16) of control group in pre-test and mean score(9.60) in post-test(p<0.05), Mean score of perceived susceptability level of experimental group decreased from mean score 2.84 in pre-test to 2.66 in post-test, there was no significant difference between mean score of pre-test and that of post-test in 2 group. There was no significant difference between mean scores of perceived severity of experimental group in pre-test and that in post-test and there was no significant difference between mean score of perceived severity of control group in pre-test and post-test. There was no significant differences between mean scores of perceived benefits to act health behavior of experimental group or control group and pre-test and post-test.

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