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노인의 영양지식과 식행동 영양태도 및 식품기호도에 관한 조사연구 -서울시내 가정거주 노인을 중심으로

A study on the nutritional Knowledge, food behavior, nutritional attitudes and food preference -in case of elderly living in home-

Abstract

This study was designed to observe the nutritional knowledge, food behavior, nutritional attitudes and food preference of elderly living in home. Two hundred and thirty elderly were examined on questionnaire. The results of this study are summarized as follows. 1. The average score of their nutritional knowledge was 6.08 (the highest mark was 10.00). The nutrition knowledge score of the elderly live with spouse was higher than those live alone and goes up according to the education degree of elderly and pocket money. The correct answer ratio about a question of geriatric diseases was somewhat higher than another question. 2. The average score of their food behavior was 21.90(the highest mark was 33.00) and the score of the female was higher than that of the male and the college-educated elderly have the highest score. Generally their food behavior was improved by the increasing intake of animal protein and milk. 3. The average score of their nutritional attitude was 11.25 (the highest mark was 15.00) and those of 70~74 age old have the lowest score. And they answered that they are willing to change their food behavior for their health. In this study we expect that the authorities would operate the nutritional education for the prevention of degenerative diseases and the development of the food behavior at a public health center or another groups(no-in-jung) as a part of service for the welfare of elderly. 4. They prefered vegetable foods to animal foods and baking, broiling, and raw foods to the fried foods, and they liked the sweet foods, the fruits, milk and lactic acid beverage as snack or dessert.

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  1. 1997. "Effect of Age-related Changes in Taste Perception on Dietary Intake in Korean Elderly" 韓國營養學會誌 = The Korean journal of nutrition., 30(8): 995~1008 

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