This study observes the change of small intestine mucosa paneth cell by changing the amount of radiation to rat. It uses the rat(Wistar) of 250-300g as the experimental animal and irradiation equipment is Gammacell 3000Elan System. and the irradiation is conducted for 500Rad group for 34sec., 1000rad for 68sec., and 1500Rad for 102sec. once on the whole body of each group, eachgroup is anesthetized with ether after 24hours. its small intestine is extrated and then it is observed by transmission electronic microscopy. The experimental results are as follows : 1. 500 Rad Group The Slightly elongated form of mitochondria and rough endoplasmic reticulum are observed in 500 Rad group. 2. 1000 Rad Group Golgi apparatus is appeared as the extended plasmodium, secretory granules exist only external membrane due to the self-fusion, the number of mitochondria that are changed as L-type are reduced, rough endoplasmic reticulum is distributed with the expanded form. 3. 1500 Rad Group The number of Golgi apparatus and granules is remarkably reduced, mitochondria is changed into C-type and free ribosomes can be observed instead of the reduction of rough endoplasmic reticulum.
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