The purpose of this study was to examine how children's sibling relationships were related to their self-esteem. 440 children and their only siblings were asked to respond to two questionnaires concerning the two research variables. The questionnaires used were the SRQ (Furman & Buhrmester, 1985) and the SPPC (Harter, 1985). Ther data were analyzed through correlation analyses, stepwise multiple regression analyses, and canonical correlation analyses. The results were as follows : Warmth·Intimacy and Rivalry (parental partiality toward the child himself/herself) had positive correlations with the child's self-esteem, while sibling Conflict had negative correlations and Relative Status·Power had little correlation. The best predictor of children's self-esteem was sibling Warmth·Intimacy. The next powerful determinants were Conflict and Rivalry. Among the six self-esteem measures, the one predicted best by sibling relationships was Global Self-Worth. The next ones were Behavior·Conduct and Scholastic Competence. The findings revealed that the predictive power of the sibling relationships factors varied considerably according to such status variables as sex and birth order of children and to whether each of the two research variables was analyzed as a whole or at a factor level.
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