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논문 상세정보

호알카리성 Cephalosporium sp. RYM-202의 회분 및 유가배양에 의한 Alkaline Carboxymethyl Cellulase와 Xylanase의 생산

Production of Alkaline Carboxymethyl Cellulase and Xylanase by Batch and Fed-batch Cultures of Alkalophilic Cephalosporium sp. RYM-202

초록

회분배양과 유가배양을 이용하여 호알칼리성 Cephalosporium sp. RYM-202로부터 alkaline carboxymethyl cellulase (CMCase)와 Xylanase의 생산을 위한 배양조건에 대하여 조사하였다. 조사한 탄소기질 중에서 밀기울이 두 효소의 생산에 가장 효율적이었다. 또한 CMCase는 carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC)를 탄소기질로 첨가한 배양액에서, 반면에 xylanase의 경우에는 xylan을 기질로 하였을 때 높은 생산량을 나타냄으로서 유도기질 특이성을 보였는 바, 이 결과는 Cephalosporium sp. RYM-202에서의 CMCaee와 xylanase의 생합성이 효소 유도 수준에서 독립적으로 조절됨을 시사해 준다. 조사된 질소원 중에서는 무기질소원인 $NaNO_3$가 효소생산에 효과적이었으며, 이들 효소의 최대 생산을 위한 배양온도와 pH는 각각 $20^{\circ}C$와 9.0인 것으로 나타났다. 한편, 발효조에서의 회분배양을 통한 효소생산의 경우, 밀기울의 농도를 5%까지 증가시킴에 따라 효소생산량은 증가되었으나 catabolite repression에 의해 효소생산의 지연과 생산력의 감소를 초래하였다. 이러한 문제점은 탄소원의 간헐적 공급에 의한 유가배양을 통해서 어느 정도 해결될 수 있는 것으로 나타났으며, 밀기울의 최종농도가 5% 되게 공급된 유가배양 시 CMCase와 xylanase의 최대 효소생산량은 각각 0.39 및 9.2 units/ml 이었으며, 이는 같은 농도의 밀기울을 함유하는 회분배양 시 획득된 효소활성에 비해 각각 1.22배와 1.36배 증가된 것이다.

Abstract

Production of alkaline carboxymethyl cellulase (CMCase) and xylanase by batch and fed-batch cultures of alkalophilic Cephalosporium sp. RYM-202 was investigated. Of carbon sources tested, wheat bran gave the highest production of those enzymes. The high levels of CMCase on carboxymethyl cellulose and xylanase on birchwood xylan suggest that the biosynthesis of CMCase and xylanase in Cephalosporium sp. RYM-202 is regulated separately at the level of enzyme induction. The temperature and pH for maximal production of those enzymes was $20^{\circ}C$ and 9.0, respectively. High concentration of wheat bran in batch fermentation resulted in the lower and delayed production of the enzymes by catabolite repression. In fed-batch fermentation with controlled feeding of 5% final wheat bran concentration, the highest activities of CMCase and xylanase were 0.39 and 9.2 units/ml, respectively, and 1.22 and 1.36 times higher respectively than those in batch fermentation on 5% wheat bran.

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