The surface characteristics of polymers for liquid crystal alignment are studied by optical second-harmonic genertion (SHG) tecnique. Using SHG technique, the LC monolayers on rubbed polymer have already been studied. But, in this paper, the SH signals of polymer were observed and the orientational distribution of oriented polymer was studied. Te SHG experiments for side-chain type and main-chain type polymers are carried out as a function of rubbing strength. The orentational distribution of surface molecules of polymers is compared with the LC pretilt angle measured by the crystal rotation method.
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