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광주지역 초등학교의 비만실태 및 식습관에 관한 조사 연구

Prevalence of Obesity and Eating Habits of Elementary School Students in Kwangju

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of obesity and to examine the eating habits of elementary school students in Kwangju. The study was carried out on 931 students(male : 454, female : 477) in September and October of 1996. The results are summarized as follows ; Obesity was defined as body mass index(BMI) that exceeds 20. The rate of obesity was 10.0%(male 4.7$\%$, female 5.3$\%$) in subjects. Subjects were divided into 3 groups : normal group(BMI〈20), mildly obese group(20〈BMI〈25), and moderatly obese group(25〈BMI〈30), respectively. With regard to frequency of skipping breakfast, 9.1$\%$ of normal children and 17.5$\%$ of mildly obese children and 33.3$\%$ of moderately obese children had skipping every morning(p$\ll$0.001). With regard to the regularity of meal time, 62.1$\%$ of normal children had ‘regular meals’but 58.0$\%$ of mild obese children and 50.0$\%$ of moderate obese children had‘irregular meals’(p$\ll$0.05). With regard to meal volume, obese children consumed much more meal volume than normal children(breakfast p$\ll$0.001, lunch p〈0.005, dinner p$\ll$0.001). With regard to try to lose weight, 22.9$\%$ of normal children and 55.6$\%$ of mild obese children and 83.3$\%$ of moderated obese children indicated they had attempted(p$\ll$0.001). The results of this study showed that the prevalence of obesity in elementary school students in Kwangju has a tendency to be increased. Obese children need to correct their eating habits. This reasserts the importance of nutrition education in children through teachers, parents and dietitians. The findings of this study should be applied to nutrition education to ensure better physical fitness of children. (Korean J Community Nutrition 2(4) : 486-495, 1997)

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  1. 1999. "The Eating Behaviors and Nutrient Intakes of Third Grade Primary School Children in Kwangju" 한국식품영양과학회지 = Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, 28(5): 1172~1179 
  2. 2000. "Prevalence of Obesity, Living Habits and Parent's Characteristics of 5th Grade Elementary School Boys in Taejon City" 韓國營養學會誌 = The Korean journal of nutrition., 33(4): 421~428 
  3. 2001. "Childhood Obesity of Elementary School Students in Kangnung and Seoul Areas -Effects of Area and Parental Socio.Economic Status-" 韓國營養學會誌 = The Korean journal of nutrition., 34(2): 198~212 
  4. 2002. "Development of Computer-Aided Nutritional Education Program for the School Children" 韓國營養學會誌 = The Korean journal of nutrition., 35(7): 791~799 

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