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일부 도시지역 여대생들의 신체상과 섭식 장애 및 영양 섭취 양상

Body Image, Eating Problems and Dietary Intakes among Female College Students in Urban Area of Korea

Abstract

Concern about body weight among young females is too much, so distorted body image and restrained eating are serious problems among Korean young females. A society preoccupied with thinness give a psychological burden to women, this burden may have adverse effects on health physically and psychologically. We tried this study to investigate body image, eating problems, and dietary intakes among female college students in urban areas of Korea. We satisfactorily surveyed using their body weight, desired weight dieting, binge eating, and night eating by self-questionnaires with 500 female college students. We evaluated their dietary intakes by semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaires to assess their usual intakes. After removing incomplete data, we analyzed 469 data by SAS 6.10. The 469 women aged 21.1 years. Their mean height, weight, and BMI were 161.4cm, 52.5kg, and 20.2kg/$m^2$ respectively. Though the frequency of obesity was only 2.6$\%$, the frequency of dissatisfaction with their body weight was 84.7$\%$. Female college students desired their hight, weight, and BMI to be 165.8cm, 48.2kg, and 17.5kg/$m^2$, respectively. The frequency of binge eating and night eating were 20.7$\%$and 6.8$\%$. The odds ratios for binge eating and night eating were 10.9(95$\%$ CI : 2.6-15.1) and 6.0(95% CI : 1.8-14.8) in the group satisfied with their body weight compared with the dissatisfied group. The odds ratios for binge eating and night eating were 2.6(95% CI : 1.6-4.4) and 2.4(95% CI : 1.1-5.4) in the dieting group compared with the non-dieting group. The mean caloric intake was 1, 840kacl and percent intakes of carbohydrate, protein, and fat wee 57.2$\%$, 16.3$\%$, and 24.0$\%$, respectively. The dieting group showed deficient intakes of protein and calcium significantly compared with the non-dieting group showed deficient intakes of protein and calcium significantly compared with the non-dieting group. Almost all women college students in urban area had dissatisfaction with their body shape, and desired severe undrerweight. The frequency of binge eating and night eating increased according to dissatisfaction with body weight, diet, and distortion of body image. Dieting has adverse effect on the intakes of essential nutrients. Educations is needed to correct distorted body image, and bad eating habits in young females, and marked preoccupation with thinness among women should then be reduced. (Korean J Community Nutrition2(4) : 505-514, 1997)

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  1. 1998. "A Stduy of Dietary Behavior Regarding Weight Control of Female College Students" 東아시아食生活學會誌 = Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life, 8(2): 147~155 
  2. 1998. "A Survey on Nutrition Intake of the Female Students in Seoul Area According to BMI" 東아시아食生活學會誌 = Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life, 8(3): 280~288 
  3. 1999. "Eating Pattern, Weight Control Behavior and Nutritional Status in High Level Female Gymnasts" 韓國營養學會誌 = The Korean journal of nutrition., 32(1): 40~49 
  4. 1999. "Relationships among Fasting Serum Insulin, Free Fatty Acid, Lipid Levels and Anthropometric Measurements in Female College Students" 韓國營養學會誌 = The Korean journal of nutrition., 32(2): 189~196 
  5. 1999. "A Study of Nutrient Intake and Immune Status in Korean Young Women by BMI" 韓國營養學會誌 = The Korean journal of nutrition., 32(4): 430~436 
  6. 1999. "Zinc and Copper Intake with Food Analysis and Levels of Zinc and Copper in Serum, Hair and Urine of Female College Students" 韓國營養學會誌 = The Korean journal of nutrition., 32(6): 705~712 
  7. 1999. "Studies on Nutrient Intake and Food Habit of College Students in Taegu" 韓國營養學會誌 = The Korean journal of nutrition., 32(8): 918~926 
  8. 2000. "A Study on the Anthropometric Measurement, Health Condition and Nutritional Status of Female College Students in Kyunggido Area" 東아시아食生活學會誌 = Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life, 10(5): 372~386 
  9. 2002. "Analysis on Nutrient Intakes and Eating Behaviors of Female Students Visiting Nutrition Counselling Office" 東아시아食生活學會誌 = Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life, 12(5): 352~363 
  10. 2003. "A Study of Soy Isoflavone Supplementation Effect on Bone Mineral Density and Bone Metabolism Markers in Female College Students with Low Bone Mass" 韓國營養學會誌 = The Korean journal of nutrition., 36(2): 154~166 
  11. 2003. "Effects of Calcium Supplementations on Mineral Metabolism during Pregnancy with Calcium-Deficient Young Adult Rats" 韓國營養學會誌 = The Korean journal of nutrition., 36(5): 459~469 
  12. 2003. "Analyses on the Factors Related to Stages of Dietary Behavioral Changes among Child Bearing Aged Women" 韓國營養學會誌 = The Korean journal of nutrition., 36(7): 759~768 
  13. 2003. "A Study on the Eating Behavior, Nutrient Intake and Health Condition of College Students Attempting Weight Control in the Daegu Area" 東아시아食生活學會誌 = Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life, 13(6): 577~585 
  14. Ro, Hee-Kyung ; Jeong, Eun 2008. "Nutrient Intake and Effects of Isoflavone Supplementation on Bone Mineral Density in Female College Students with Osteopenia" 韓國食生活文化學會誌 = Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, 23(6): 801~811 
  15. Jwa, Hea-Jin ; Chae, In-Sook 2008. "Body Shape Satisfaction, Nutrition Knowledge, Dietary Habits, and Weight Control Attitude of Korean High School Students" 韓國食生活文化學會誌 = Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, 23(6): 820~833 
  16. Soh, Hye-Kyung ; Lee, Eun-Ju ; Choi, Bong-Soon 2008. "The Development of Nutrition Education Program for Improvement of body Perception of Middle School Girls (II);Development of Nutrition Education Program" 韓國食生活文化學會誌 = Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, 23(1): 130~137 

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