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논문 상세정보

청주지역 노인의 영양실태조사 - I. 생활습관, 식행동 및 영양소 섭취실태

Nutritional Status of the Elderly Living in Cheongju - I. Health-Related Habits, Dietary Behaviors and Nutrient Intakes -

Abstract

The health-related habits dietary behaviors and nutrient intakes of the elderly living in Cheongju were investigated by interviews with a questionnaire from August to September in 1996. The responses of 169 free-living elderly aged over 65(male 91, female 78) were analyzed. Thirty-six percent of the subjects smoked currently, 33$\%$, drank alcoholic beverages, and 52$\%$ exercise regularly. Exercise was mostly in the from of walking for $\frac{1}{2}$-1 hour. Significantly higher proportions of males smoked, drank, and exercised as compared to females. Food groups eaten at every meal were examined on a 5-point scale, and the consumption scores were compared with groups according to sex, age, smoking, drinking, and exercise habits. The elderly who exercised regularly got significantly higher scores in their calcium intakes and the variety of the 6 food groups than the elderly who did not exercise. The dietary assessment data showed that the energy intakes of males and females were 81.9$\%$and 72.8$\%$ of the RDAs, respectively. The proportions of the elderly consuming less than 75$\%$ of RDAs of vitamin A and calcium were 96.5$\%$ and 91.1$\%$ of the total subjects, respectively. Higher educational status, more pocket money and regular exercise had positive effects on nutrient intakes, while smoking and drinking among females, but not males, had negative effects. Therefore, to improve nutritional status of the elderly, intake of vitamin A-and calcium-rich food such as milk with regular exercise should be emphasized on the education program. (Korean J Community Nutrition 2(4) : 556-567, 1997)

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이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (7)

  1. 2000. "An Assessment of diet quality in the Postmenopausal Women" 韓國營養學會誌 = The Korean journal of nutrition., 33(3): 304~313 
  2. 2000. "Evaluation of the Validity of a Simple Screening Test Developed for Identifying Korean Elderly at Risk of Undernutrition" 韓國營養學會誌 = The Korean journal of nutrition., 33(8): 864~872 
  3. 2001. "Food Preferences and Nutrient Intakes of College Students in Kangwon Province" 한국식품영양과학회지 = Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, 30(1): 175~182 
  4. 2002. "The Analysis of the Factors Related to Diet Quality in the Postmenopausal Women" 韓國營養學會誌 = The Korean journal of nutrition., 35(1): 102~114 
  5. 2003. "Nutritional Status and Knowledge of the Elderly over 65 Years in Young-Nam Area" 東아시아食生活學會誌 = Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life, 13(2): 98~110 
  6. Kim, Hae-Young ; Lee, Hye-Jin ; Park, Chan-Eun ; Kim, Yang-Suk 2007. "Study on the Dietary Behavior and Local Products for Menu development of the Elerly in Yeongi Chungnam" 韓國食生活文化學會誌 = Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, 22(6): 775~782 
  7. Park, Chan-Eun ; Joo, Min-Jung ; Lee, Hye-Jin ; Kim, Hae-Young 2008. "Menu Development and Evaluation using Food Intake Status of the Elerly in busy farming season of Damyang Jeonnam" 韓國食生活文化學會誌 = Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, 23(1): 41~47 

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