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청주지역 노인의 영양실태조사 - II. 신체계측, 생화학적 검사 및 건강상태 조사

Nutritional Status of the Elderly Living in Cheongju - II. Anthropometric, Biochdemical and Clinical Assessment -

Abstract

To assess the nutritional and health status of the elderly, anthropometric measurements and blood test for analyzing biochemical indices were carried out from August to September in 1996. Data on the incidence of a specific disease and clinical symptoms were also collected by interviews with a questionnaire. Among the total of 169 free-living elderly interviewed(91 men, 78 women), 86 elderly(57 men, 29 women) participated in the anthropometric measurements, and 73 elderly(52 men, 21 women) in blood tests. Average heights and weights were much lower than the standards established in the Korean Recommended Dietary Allowances. While average triceps skinfold thickness of men and women were above the 50 percentile of the reference data, mid-arm muscle circumferences were lower than the 50 percentile. Prevalences of anemia, assessed by hemoglobin using WHO definition, were 38.5% for men and 33.3% for women. Blood levels of total protein and albumin were above the normal limit for all participants. Mean blood cholesterol levels of men and women were 163.9mg/dl and 185.8mg/dl, and triglyceride levels were 138.2mg/dl and 161.9mg/dl, respectively. Women older than 75 years generally had high levels of BMI, total cholesterol and triglyceride. Health status assessed by clinical symptoms generally showed no significant difference by age, and their smoking, and drinking habits. Males and the elderly who exercised regularly had better health status. It was suggested that exercise was a good way to improve health status. (Korean J Community Nutrition 2(4) : 568-577, 1997)

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  1. 1999. "Nutritional Status and Related Factors of Elderly Residing in Puchon City I. Anthropometric Data and Biochemical Nutritioal Status" 한국식품영양과학회지 = Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, 28(6): 1391~1397 
  2. 2000. "A Study on Health-related Habits, dietary Behaviors and health Status of the Middle Aged and the Elderly Living in Chonju Area" 韓國營養學會誌 = The Korean journal of nutrition., 33(3): 343~352 
  3. 2002. "Nutritional Status and Cognitive Status of the Elderly Using Public Health Center in Ulsan" 韓國營養學會誌 = The Korean journal of nutrition., 35(10): 1070~1080 

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