$\require{mediawiki-texvc}$
  • 검색어에 아래의 연산자를 사용하시면 더 정확한 검색결과를 얻을 수 있습니다.
  • 검색연산자
검색연산자 기능 검색시 예
() 우선순위가 가장 높은 연산자 예1) (나노 (기계 | machine))
공백 두 개의 검색어(식)을 모두 포함하고 있는 문서 검색 예1) (나노 기계)
예2) 나노 장영실
| 두 개의 검색어(식) 중 하나 이상 포함하고 있는 문서 검색 예1) (줄기세포 | 면역)
예2) 줄기세포 | 장영실
! NOT 이후에 있는 검색어가 포함된 문서는 제외 예1) (황금 !백금)
예2) !image
* 검색어의 *란에 0개 이상의 임의의 문자가 포함된 문서 검색 예) semi*
"" 따옴표 내의 구문과 완전히 일치하는 문서만 검색 예) "Transform and Quantization"
쳇봇 이모티콘
안녕하세요!
ScienceON 챗봇입니다.
궁금한 것은 저에게 물어봐주세요.

논문 상세정보

자연 생태계에서 형질 전환에 의한 세균들 간의 유전 물질의 전이

초록

형질전환은 가장 먼저 연구된 유전물질 전이 기작으로(3,29,36), 자연적 형질 전환과 인위적 형질 전환으로 구별할 수 있다. 자연적 형질 전환은 세균에게서만 일어나며, 이때 수여체 세균은 적정 조건, 즉, 형질 전환 능력이 있는 생리적 상태(competene)가 되면 능동적으로 세포의 DNA를 받아들여 그들 유전 정보에 합치게 된다. 하지만 재조합 DNA 기술이 발달된 이후로 인위적 형질 전환이 원핵세포와 진핵세포에서 사용되었다(48). 자연적 형질 전환은 DNase와의 반응이 민감하다는 점에서 접합과 형질 도입과 구별된다. 형질 전화에 의한 유전자 전이가 세포으 DNA에 의해서 일어나는 한 DNase가 공격할 수 있고, DNA는 분해되어 형질 전환이 방해될 수 있다. 하지만, 형질 도입되는 DNA는 파지의 단백질막(capsid)에 보호되어 세포외로 절대 노출되지 않아 DNase에 의해서 영향을 받지 않고, 접합에서도 DNA는 세포와 세포의 접촉에 의해서 전이되어 공여체에서 수여체로 DNA가 전이될 때 역시 DNase에 노출되지 않고 일어날 수 있다.

저자의 다른 논문

참고문헌 (89)

  1. Protection of sediment-adsorbed transforming DNA against enzymatic inactivation , Aardema, B.W.;M.G. lorenz;W.E. Krumnein , Appl. Environ. Microbiol / v.46,pp.417-420, 1983
  2. Transfer of Haemoplhilus influenzac chromosomal genes by cell-to-cell contact , Albritton, W.L.;J.K. Setlow;L. Slaney , J. Bacteriol / v.152,pp.1066-1070, 1982
  3. Studies on the chemical nature of the substance inducing transformation in pneumococcal types , Avery,O.R.;C.M.MacLeod;M.McCarty , J. Exp. Med. / v.79,pp.137-159, 1944
  4. Plasmid transformation of Streptococcus sanuis (Challis) occurs by circular and linear molecules , Behnke,D. , Mol. Gen. Genet. / v.181,pp.490-497, 1981
  5. Studies on the chemical nature of the substance inducing transformation in pneumococcal types , Avery, O.R.;C.M. MacLeod;M. McCarty , J. Exp. Med. / v.79,pp.137-159, 1944
  6. Plasmid transformation of Streproccous samns (Challis) occurs by circular and linear molecules , Behnke, D , Mol. Gen. Genet. / v.181,pp.490-497, 1981
  7. Transposable elements in ptokaryotes , Berg, D.E.;Levy, S.B.(ed.);Miller, R.V.(ed.) , Transfer in the Environment / v.,pp.99-137, 1989
  8. Berg, D.E.;M.M. Howe , Mobile DNA / v.,pp., 1989
  9. Biege, F.A. , Bacterial and Bacteriophage Genetics (third ed.) / v.,pp., 1994
  10. Native marine bacteriophages , Borsheim, K.Y. , FEMS Microbiol. Ecol. / v.102,pp.141-159, 1993
  11. Deoxyribonuclease-sensitive transfer of an R-plasmid in Streptococcus pyogenes (group A) , Buu-Hoi, A.;G. de Cespedes;T. Horaud , FEMS Microbiol. Lett. / v.30,pp.407-410, 1985
  12. Pseudomomas stutzeri and related species undergo natural transformation , Carlson, C.A.;L.S. Pierson;J.J. Rosen;J.L. Ingraham , J. Bacteriol. / v.153,pp.93-99, 1983
  13. Plasmid transformation in Bacilis: effects of insertion of Bacilus subtilis DNA into plasmid pC194 , Canosi, U.;A. Iglesias;T.A. Trautner , Mol. Gen. Genet. / v.181,pp.434-440, 1981
  14. Purification and properties of deoxyribonucleic acid bingding lactor isolared from the surface of Streptococcus sanguis cells , Ceglowski, P.;M. Kawaezynski;W.T. Dobrzanski , J. Bacteriol. / v.141,pp.1005-1014, 1980
  15. Construction of DNA recofnition sites active in Haemophilus transformation , Danner, D.B.;H.O. Smith;S.A. Narang , Pro. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA / v.79,pp.2393-2397, 1982
  16. Microbial ecology, genetics and risk assessment , Day, M.J.;J.C. Fry;Fry, J.C.(ed.);Day, M.J.(ed.) , Release of Genetically Engineered and other Microogranisms / v.,pp.160-167, 1992
  17. Distribution and molecular weight of dissolved DNA in subtropical estuarine and oceanic environments , DeFlauu, M.F>;J.H. Paul;W.H. Jeggrey , Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser. / v.38,pp.65-73, 1987
  18. Transformation of Bacillus subtilis cimpetent cells: Identification and regulation of the recE gene product , de Vos, W.M.;G. Venema , Mol. Gen. Genet. / v.190,pp.56-64, 1983
  19. Macromolecular synthesis in Bacillus subtilis during development of the competent state , Dooley, D.C.;C.T. Hadden;E.W. Nester , J. Bacteriol. / v.108,pp.668-679, 1971
  20. Genetic exchange between Bacilus subtilis and Bacillus licheniformis: variable hybrid and the nature of bacterial species , Duucan, K.E.;C.A. Istock;J.B. Graham;N. Ferguson , Evolution / v.43,pp.1585-1609, 1989
  21. Spontaneous transformation , Ephrati-Elizur, E. , Bacillus subtils. Gen. Res. / v.11,pp.83-96, 1968
  22. Infectious DNA from newly isolated Bacillus subtilis phage , Foldes, J.;T.A. Trautner , Z. Vererbungal / v.95,pp.57, 1964
  23. Plasmid transfer to indigwnous marine bacterial populations by natural transformation , Frischer, M.E.;G.J. Stewart;J.H. Paul , FEMS Microbiol. Ecol. / v.15,pp.127-136, 1994
  24. Plasmid transfer in the epilithon , Fry, J.C.;M.J. Day;Fry, J.C.(ed.);M.J. Day(ed.) , Bacterial Genetics in Natural Environments / v.,pp.55-80, 1990
  25. Transformation of Bacillus subtilis by DNA bound on clay in nonsterile soil , Gallori, E.;M. Bazzicalupo;L. Dal Canto;R. Fani;P. Nanipieri;C. Vettori;G. Stotzky , FEMS Microbiol. Ecol. / v.15,pp.119-126, 1994
  26. DNA uptake Haemphilus transformation , Goodgal, S.H. , Amm. Res. Genet. / v.16,pp.169-192, 1982
  27. Identification and arrangement of the DNA sequence recognized in specific transformation of Neisseria gonorrhoeae , Goodman, S.D.;J.J. Scocca , Pro. Natl. Acad. Sci. / v.85,pp.6982-6986, 1988
  28. Genetic exchange in Bacillus subtilis in soil , Graham, J.B.;C.A. Istock , Mol. Gen. Genet. / v.166,pp.287-290, 1978
  29. Genetic exchange in natural selection cause Bacillus subtilis to evolve in soil culture , Graham, J.B.;C.A. Istock , Science / v.204,pp.637-639, 1979
  30. Parasexuality and microevoluation in experimental populations of Bactillus subtilis , Graham, J.B.;C.A. Istock , Evolution / v.35,pp.954-963, 1981
  31. Significance of pneumococcal tupes , Griggith, F. , J. Hyg. / v.27,pp.3-159, 1928
  32. A determination of protective microhabitats for bacteria introduced into soil , Heijnen, C.E.;J.A. van Veen , FEMS Microbiol. Ecol. / v.85,pp.73-80, 1991
  33. Dynamics of Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar trifolii introduced into soil: the effect of bentonie clay on predation by protozoa , Heynen, C.E.;J.D. van Elsas;P. J. Kuikman , Soil Biol. Biochem. / v.20,pp.483-488, 1988
  34. Natural transformation of a marine Vibrio species by plasmid DNA , Jeffrey, W.H.;J.H. Paul;G.J. Stewart , Microb. Ecol / v.19,pp.259-268, 1990
  35. Joset, F.;J. Guespin-Michel , Prokariotic Genetics: Genome Organization, Transfer and Plasticity / v.,pp., 1993
  36. Transformation in Geamoplulus: A problem in membrane biology , Kahn, M.E.;H.O. Smith , J. Membr. Biol / v.81,pp.89-103, 1984
  37. Transformasomes Specialized mebrane stuctures that prolect DNA during Haemoplulus transformation , Kahn, M.C.;F. Barany;H.O. Smith , Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. / v.80,pp.6927-6931, 1983
  38. The toxicology of genetically engineered microorganisms , Katz. L.S.;J.K. Marpuis;Levy, M.A.(eds);Strauss, H.S.(eds) , Risk Assessment in Genetic Engineering / v.,pp.51-63, 1991
  39. Transformation of Bacillus subtilis by DNA bound on montmorillonite and 3effect for DNase on the transforming ability of bound DNA , Khanna M.;G. Stotzky , Appl. Environ. Microbiol. / v.58,pp.1930-1939, 1992
  40. X-ray diffractometry and electron microscopy of DnA from Bacillus subtilis bound on elay minerals , Khanna M.;M. Yoder, L.;Calamai;G. Stotzky , Sci. Soil / v.,pp., 1995
  41. The Society of General Microbiology , Kingsman, A.J.;K.F. Chater;S.M. Kingsaman , Transposiition / v.,pp., 1988
  42. Novel genotypes in mixed cultures of biochemical mutants of bacteria , Lederberg, J.;E.S. Tatum , Cold Spring Harbor Symp. Quant. Biol. / v.11,pp.113-114, 1946
  43. Gene recombination , Lederberg, J.;E.L. Tatum , E. coli. Nature / v.158,pp.558, 1946
  44. Recomnination analysis of bacterial heredity , Lederberg, J.E.M. Lederberg;N.E. Zinder;E.R. Lively , Cold Spring Habor Symp. Quant. Biol. / v.16,pp.413-443, 1951
  45. In duction and control of the autolytic system , Leduc, M.;R.Kasra;J. van Heijenoort , Escherichia. coli. J. Bacteriol. / v.152,pp.26-34, 1982
  46. Transformation is a mechanism of gene transfer in soil , Lee, G.H.;G. Stotzky , Korean J. Microbiol. / v.28,pp.210-218, 1990
  47. Levy, S.B.;R.V. Miller , Gene Transfer in the Environment / v.,pp., 1989
  48. Adsorptin of DNA to sand and variable degradation rates of adsorbed DNA , Lorenz, M.G.;W. Wackernagel , App. Microbiol / v.53,pp.2948-2952, 1987
  49. Natural genelic transformation of Pseudomonas stulzeri by sand-adsorbed DNA , Lorenz, M.G.;W. Wackernagel , Arch. Microbiol / v.15,pp.380-385, 1990
  50. Bacterial gene transfer by natural genetic transformation in the environment , Lorenz, M.G.;W.Wackernagel , Microbiol. Res. / v.58,pp.563-602, 1994
  51. Interaction ot marine sediment with DNA and DNA availability to nucleases , Lorenz, M.G.;B.W. Aardema;W.E. Krumbein , Mar. Biol. / v.64,pp.225-230, 1981
  52. Highly efficient genetic transformatin of Bacillus subtilis athached to sand grains , Lorenz, M.G.;B.W. Aardma;W. Wackernagel , J. Gen. Mirobiol. / v.134,pp.107-112, 1988
  53. Plasmid transformation of naturally competent Acinetobactor calcoaceticus in nonsterile soil extract and ground water , Lorenz, M.G.;K. Reipschlasger;W. Wackernagel , Arch. Microbiol. / v.157,pp.355-360, 1992
  54. Transport of Rhizobium and Pseudomonas through soil. , Madsen, E.L.;M. Alexander , Soil. Sci. Soc. Am. J. / v.46,pp.557-560, 1982
  55. Protoplast fusion , Matsushima, P.;R.H. Baltz;Demain, A.L.(ed.);Solmon, N.A.(ed.) , Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology / v.,pp.170-183, 1986
  56. Gene transfer between distantly rdlated bacteria , Mazodier, P;J. Davies , Annu. Rev. genet. / v.25,pp.147-171, 1991
  57. Transformation in Pnecumococcus existence nad properties of a complex in volving donor deoxyribonucleate single strands in eclipse , Morrison, D.A. , J. Bacteriol. / v.132,pp.576-583, 1977
  58. Effect of ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid on deoxyribonucleic acid entry and recombination in transformatin of a wild-type strain and a rec-1 mutant of Haemoplhilus influenzae , Noteborn, M.;G. Venema;J. Kooistra , J. Bacteriol. / v.145,pp.1189-1195, 1981
  59. The extraction and purification of microbial DNA from sediments , Ogram, A.;G.S. Sayler;T. Barkay , J. Microbial Methods / v.7,pp.57-66, 1987
  60. Optimal conditions for competence cevelopment in nitrogen fixing Azotobacter vinelandu , Page, W.J. , Can. J. Microbiol / v.28,pp.389-397, 1982
  61. Production of extracellular nucleic acids by genetically altered bacteria in aquatic-environment micro-cosms , Paul, J.H.;A.W. David , Appl. Environ. Microbiol. / v.56,pp.1865-1869, 1989
  62. Dynamics of extracellular DNA in the marine environment , Paul, J.H.;W.H. Jeffrey;M.F. Deflaun , Appl. Environ. Microbiol. / v.53,pp.170-179, 1987
  63. Mechanisms of DNA utilztion by estuarine microbial populations , Paul, J.H.;M.E. Frischer;J.M. Thurmond , Appl. Environ. Microbiol. / v.54,pp.1682-1688, 1991
  64. Gene transfer in marine water column and sediment microcosmss by natural plasmid transformation , Paul, J.H.;M.E. Frischer;J.M. Thurmond , Appl. environ. Microbiol. / v.57,pp.1509-1515, 1991
  65. Intergenetic natural plasmid transformatin between E. Coli and a marine Vibrio species , Paul, J.H. J.M. Thurmond, M.E.;Frischer;J.P. Cannon , Mol. Ecol. / v.1,pp.37-46, 1992
  66. Uptake of a single stranede DNA in Haemophilus ufluenzea and its ahility to transform , Postel, E.H.;S.H. Goodgal , J. Mol. Biol. / v.16,pp.317-327, 1966
  67. Occurrence, transfer and mobiliztion in epithic trains of a cinetobacter , Rochelle, P.A.;M.J. Day;J.C. Fry , J. Gen. Microbiol. / v.134,pp.2933-2941, 1988
  68. Plasmid DNA in a groundwater aquifer microcosmadsrption. DNase resistance and natural genetic transformation of Bacillus subtilis , Romanowski, G.;J.C. Lorenz;W. Wackernagel , Mol. Ecol. / v.2,pp.171-181, 1993
  69. Genetic research with photosynthetic bacteria , Scolnik,P.A.;B.L.Marrs , Annu. Rev. Microbiol. / v.41,pp.703-726, 1987
  70. Monomer plasmid DNA transforms Streptococcus pneumoniae , Saunder, C.W.;W.R. guild , Mol. Gen. Genet. / v.181,pp.57-62, 1981
  71. Schlegel, H.G. , General Microbiology(Sixth ed) / v.,pp., 1986
  72. Genetic research with photosynthetic bacteria , Scolink, P.A.;B.L. Marrs , Annu. Rev. Microbiol. / v.41,pp.703-726, 1987
  73. Calcium-requiring step in the uptake of deoxyribounelec acid molecules through surface of competent pneumococci , Seto, H.;A. Tomasz , J. Bacteriol. / v.126,pp.1113-1118, 1976
  74. Genetic transformation , Smith, H.G.;D.B. Danner;R.A. Deitch , Annu. Rev. Biochem. / v.50,pp.41-68, 1981
  75. Genetic transformation of Neisseria gonorrhoeae to streptomycin reistance , Sparling, P.F. , J. Bacteriol. / v.92,pp.1364-1371, 1966
  76. Development of competence of Haemopluius influenzae , Spencer, H.T.;R.M. Herriott , J. Bacteriol. / v.90,pp.911-920, 1965
  77. Recovery of DNA from soils and sediments , Steffen, R.J.;J. Gokoyr;A.K. Bej;R.M. Atlas , Appl. Environ. Microbiol. / v.54,pp.2908-2915, 1988
  78. Transformation of Neisseria gonorrhoeae: physical requirements of the transforming DNA , Stein, D.C. , Can. J. Microbiol. / v.37,pp.345-349, 1991
  79. Transformation in natural environments. , Stewart, G.J.Wellington E.M.H.(eds);van Elsas, J.D.(eds) , Genetic Interaction among Microorganisms in the Natural Environment / v.,pp.216-234, 1992
  80. The biology of natural transformation , Stewart, G.J.;C.A. Carlson , Annu. rev. Microbiol. / v.40,pp.211-235, 1986
  81. detection and characterization of natural transformation in the marme bacterium Pseudomonas strlzeri strain ZoBell , Stewart, G.J.;C.D. Sinigalliano , Arch. Microbiol. / v.152,pp.520-562, 1989
  82. Detection of horizontal gene transfer by natural transformation in antive and intoduced species of bacteria in marine and syntheic sediments , Stewart, G.J.;C.D. Sinigalliano , Appl. Environ. Microbiol. / v.56,pp.1818-1824, 1990
  83. Evidence for an active role of donor cells in natural transformations in Pseudomonas stutzeri , Stewart, G.J.;C.A. Carlson;J.S. Ingraham , J. Bacteriol. / v.56,pp.30-35, 1983
  84. Influence of soil mineral colloids on metabolic processes, growth, adhesion, and ecology of microbes nad viuses , Stotzky, G.;Huang, P.M.(ed.);Schintzer, M(ed.) , Interaction of Soil Minerals wiht Natural Organics nad Microbes / v.,pp.305-428, 1986
  85. Gene transfer among bacteria in soil , Stotzdy, G.;Levy, S.B.(ed.);Miller, R.V.(ed.) , Gene Transfer in the Environment / v.,pp.165-222, 1989
  86. Model for the mechanism controlling the expression of competent state in Pneumococcus culture , Tomasz, A. , J. Bacteriol. / v.94,pp.562-570, 1966
  87. Transport of genetically engineered Pseudomonas fluorescens strain through a soil microcosm , Trevors, J.T.;J.D. van Elsas;L.S. van Overbeek;M.E. Starodub , Appl. Environ. Microbiol. / v.56,pp.401-408, 1990
  88. Transfer of genetic information among bacteria in soil , Yin, X;G. Stotzky , Adv. Appl. Microbiol(in press) / v.,pp., 1977
  89. Genetic exchange in Salmonella , Zinder, N.D.;J. Lederberg , J. Bacteriol. / v.64,pp.679-699, 1952

이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (0)

  1. 이 논문을 인용한 문헌 없음

원문보기

원문 PDF 다운로드

  • ScienceON :

원문 URL 링크

원문 PDF 파일 및 링크정보가 존재하지 않을 경우 KISTI DDS 시스템에서 제공하는 원문복사서비스를 사용할 수 있습니다. (원문복사서비스 안내 바로 가기)

상세조회 0건 원문조회 0건

DOI 인용 스타일