The effects of carbon and nitrogen sources on the mycelial growth and sporulation of microconidia and chlamydospores of five isolates of Cylindrocarpon destructans (Zinssm.) Scholten causing root rot of Panax ginseng were studied. For the carbon sources, fructose, glucose, maltose, and sucrose in Czapek-Dox broth showed good mycelial growth of 178∼201 mg in dry weight compared with 64 mg of the control. The best carbon sources tested for conidial formation were sucrose and maltose with 2.75 and 3.03 log conidia/ml, respectively. For the nitrogen sources, aspartic acid, NaNO3, KNO3, arginine, threonine, and leucine increased mycelial growth of the fungi to 208∼231 mg in dry weight without significant difference (p=0.05) among them. Meanwhile the growth with cystine was poor (26.3 mg dry weight), and no conidium and chlamydospore were formed. Maximum microconidial formation was observed in the media with NaNO3 and KNO3 as 3.37 and 3.35 log conidia/ml, and for the chlamydospore formation the (NH4)2SO4-containing medium and the nitrogen-absent medium were the best as 3.40 and 3.57 log chlamydospores/ml, respectively. No conidium was found in the medium without nitrogen sources, in which chlamydospore formation increased 6 times more than in the nitrogen-amended medium. However, deletion of carbon source in the medium did not affect on the formation of conidia and chlamydospores of C. destructans.
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