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논문 상세정보

국내 실험 미립자 사료와 수입 미립자 사료를 공급한 넙치(Paralichthys olivaceus) 자.치어의 성장과 체조성 비교

Comparison of Growth and Body Composition in olive flounder Larvae(Paralichthys olivaceus) Fed Domestic Experimental and Imported Commercial Microparticulated Diets

초록

단백질원을 달리하여 자체 제조한 실험 사료 K 하(1)과 K 하(2)를 평가하기 위해 국내 양식 현장에서 많이 이용되고 있는 일본산 D사와 H사 제품(D 와 H 사료)을 공급했을 때 자, 치어의 체장, 체중, 그리고 어체의 일반 조성과 지방산 조성 등에 미치는 영향을 조사하였다. 주 단백질원으로 실험 미립자 사료 K 하(1)은 넙치 근육, 혈분, 오징어 분말, 클로렐라 분말, 효모 등을, K 하(2)는 계란 단백, 크릴분, 바지락분, 오징어분, 생효모, 효모 추출물, 카제인 등을 사용하여 제조하였다. 부화 후 40일째까지는 체중, 체장 그리고 생존율에 있어 실험구간에 유의적인 차이가 없었다. 부화 후 83일째의 생존율에 있어서는 D 사료구가 K 하(2) 사료구보다는 유의적으로 높았지만, H와 K 하(1) 사료구와는 유의적인 차이가 없었다. 체중에 있어서는 D 사료가 K 하(1) 사료와 K 하(2) 사료보다 유의적으로 높았지만 H 사료와는 유의적인 차이가 없었다. 체장과 비만도(Condition factor)에 있어서는 부화 후 83일째에 실험사료구간에 유의적인 차이가 없었다. 이와같은 결과는 넙치 자, 치어용 국산 미립자 사료 개발에 대한 가능성을 보여주고 있다.

Abstract

This experiment was conducted for compare domestic experimental microparticulated diets with imported commercial microparticulated diets in olive flounder larvae, Paralichthys olivaceus (Temminck et Schlegel). Fish larve were fed four microparticulated diets from 8th day after hatching. Four diets were two commercial microparticulated diets D and H, and experimental microparticulated diets K1 and K2 formulated each with different protein sources (diet K1 ; squid meal, blood meal, yeast extract, chlorella powder, olive flounder muscle, Lys, and Met ; diet K2 ; whole egg protein, krill meal, short-necked clam meal, squid muscle, live yeast, yeast extract, and casein). There were no significant differences on body weight, body length and survival rates among four diet treatments up to the 40th day after hatching. At the 83th day after hatching, fish fed diet D had a significantly higher survival rate than that of fish fed diet K2, whereas there was no significant difference between to diet H and K1. Fish fed diet D had a significantly higher body weight than these of fish fed diaet K1 and K2, whereas there was no significant difference between fish fed diet D and H. There was no significant difference on EPA and DHA of body fatty acid composition among four diet treatments up to the 83th day after hatching. These results show that nutritionally well-ballanced domestic microparticulated diets for olive flouner lavae can be developed.

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