Binding of urokinase-type plasminogen activator to its cellular receptor accelerate production of plasmin from plasminogen on the cell surface. Plasmin can digest extracellular matrix components and basement membranes through activating certain proMMPs, which is related to the invasiveness to the cells. Plasmin also acts the regulation of blood coagulation and relates closely to cardiovascular diseases such as stroke and coronary occlusion. Therefore, its inhibitors may be useful as antimetastatic agents and to the treatment of cardiovascular diseases. To search for plasmin inhibitors from plant resources, we screened plasmin inhibitory activities with 76 methanol extract of plant species. Among them, three plant samples showed strong inhibitory activities (>70%) and thirteen plant samples showed more than 50% inhibitory activities of plasmin. Their inhibitory activities were not directly related with uPA inhibitory activites and cell viability.
DOI 인용 스타일