The disease of cholelith is common world widely. As life expectancy gets extended and life environment and dietary life change, increased to gallstone in Korea. On the case that elimination surgery is inapplicable and for the aged patients. recently the dissolution therapy of cholelith is studied world widely. From the view of oriental medicine, the causes of gallstone, treatment methods and the effects of therapy are as follows ; 1. The attack of gallstone is by the stagnation and disturbance of qi in the body. 2. The causes of gallstone are classified into three types. 1).The type of stagnation of qi. 2).The type of damp-heat. 3).The type of noxious heat. 3. The treatment effect is high in the damp-heat type. 4. Medical treatment of gallstone, considering the function of the intestines, are lithodialysis and removol of gallstone, soothing the liver and regulating the cerculation of qi, clearing away heat and elininating dampness. 5. The dissolution therapy of gallstone effected to the size within the diameter of 1.5cm 6. Through the oriental medicine therapy, besides excretion and dissolution of gallstone, the interval extention and elimination of spasm, the prevention of relapse and aftere effect are to be expected. The study which can improve the treatment rate of cholelith through the combination therapy of oriental and western is needed and deep study on oriental medicine diagnostic and classification according to the observation based on symptoms is necessary.
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