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Abstract

Dislodgement of a crown or extension bridge and the loosening of a retainer of a bridge is a serious clinical problem in fixed restoration. Generally these problems are considered to be associated with deformation of the restoration. During biting, the restoration is subjected to complex forces and deforms considerably within the limit of its elasticity. Deformation of the restoration under the occlusal force induces excessive stress in the cement film, which then leads to the cement fracture. Such a fracture may eventually cause loss of the restoration. Because most of the past retention tests for full veneer crown were done without fatigue loading, they were not exactly simulating intraoral environment. And the purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of cyclic cantilever loading on the retentive strength of full veneer crowns depending on different type of cements and taper of prepared abutment. Steel dies with $8^{\circ}\;or\;16^{\circ}$ convergence angle were fabricated through milling and crowns with the same method. These dies and crowns were divided into 8 groups. Group 1 : $16^{\circ}$ taper die, cementation with zinc phosphate cement, without loading Group 2 : $16^{\circ}$ taper die, cementation with zinc phosphate cement, with loading Group 3 : $8^{\circ}$ taper die, cementation with zinc phosphate cement, without loading Group 4 : $8^{\circ}$ taper die, cementation with zinc phosphate cement, with loading Group 5 : $16^{\circ}$ taper die, cementation with Panavia 21, without loading Group 6 : $16^{\circ}$ taper die, cementation with Panavia 21, with loading Group 7 : $8^{\circ}$ taper die, cementation with Panavia 21 without loading Group 8 : $8^{\circ}$ taper die, cementation with Panavia 21, with loading After checking the fit of die and crown, the luting surface of dies and inner surface of crowns were air-abraded for 10 seconds. The crowns were cemented to the dies, with cements mixed according to the manufacturer's recommendations. A static load of 5kg was then applied for 10 minutes with static loading device. Twenty-four hours later, group 1, 3, 5, 7 were only thermocycled, group 2, 4, 6, 8 were subjected to cyclic loading after thermocycling. Retentive tests were performed on the Instron machine. From the finding of this study, the following conclusions were obtained 1. Panavia 21 showed significantly higher retentive strength than zinc phosphate cement for all groups (p<0.05). 2. There was a significant difference in the retentive strength between $8^{\circ}\;and\;16^{\circ}$ taper for zinc phosphate cement(p0.05). 3. Cyclic loading significantly decreased the retentive strength for all groups(p<0.05). 4. For zinc phosphate cement, there was 35% reduction of the retentive strength after loading in the $16^{\circ}$ taper die, 25% in the $8^{\circ}$ taper die, and for Panavia 21, 21% in the $16^{\circ}$ taper die, 18% in the $8^{\circ}$ taper die.

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