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반복하중하에서의 carbon fiber post의 파절강도에 관한 연구

A STUDY ON THE FRACTURE STRENGTH OF TEETH RESTORED WITH A CARBON FIBER POST UNDER CYCLIC LOADING

Abstract

In the restoration of endodontically treated teeth, carbon fiber post was recently introduced. The purpose of this in vitro study was to investigate the fracture strength of teeth restored with a pre-fabricated carbon fiber post in comparison with teeth restored with a prefabricated titanium post & custom cast gold post after cyclic loading in the different environment. A total of 30 recently extracted human central incisors of similar dimension with crowns removed were used. All teeth were placed into acrylic blocks and every steps for post and core fabrication were made accord-ing to manufacture's instruction. The post length and core dimensions were standardizd. All teeth were divided into 6 groups: 1) carbon fiber post / atmosphere, 2) titanium post / atmosphere, 3) gold post / atmosphere, 4) carbon fiber post / wet, 5) titanium post / wet, 6) gold post / wet. Carbon fiber post and titanium post were cemented in place using resin cement and cores were fabricated with Ti-Core. Custom cast gold post was made from Duralay pattern resin and cemented using resin cement, too. All specimens were thermocycled 10,000 times. After 50,000 cyclic loading, failure strength was measured using Instron testing machine. Kruskal-Wallis test followed by Mann-Whitney test was used to compare the mean fracture strength. Results were as follows : 1. All specimens showed lower fracture strength in wet environment after cyclic loading than in atmosphere condition, but did not reveal a significant difference. 2. There was no significant difference between carbon fiber post specimen and titanium post specimen in the same environment. 3. Gold cast post specimen showed significant different greater fracture strength than those of others in the same environment. 4. Carbon fiber post specimen showed no root fracture.

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