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논문 상세정보

Abstract

Cymbidium orchids with blight and rot symptoms were collected, and a total of 63 isolates of Fusarium app. was obtained from pseudobulbs, roots, and leaves of the diseased plants. The isolates were identified based on their morphological characteristics. Out of the 63 isolates of Fusatium sup., 51 isolates were identified as F. oxysporum, 10 isolates as F. solani, and the rest as F. proliferatum. F. oxysporum was isolated from all the Cymbidium spp., while F. solani and F. proliferatum were isolated only from Cymbidium ensifolium and C. ginatum, respectively. Isolates of the three Fusarium spp. were tested for pathogenicity to their hosts by artificial inoculation. The strongly pathogenic isolates of Fusarium spp. induced severe dry rot of pseudobulbs and roots of the host plants. The symptoms progressed up to the basal part of the leaves, which later caused blight of the entire plant. The dry root symptoms induced on the plants by artificial inoculation with the isolates of Fusarium app. were similar to those observed in the growers'greenhouses. This is the first report of dry rot of Cymbidium spp. caused by F. oxysporum, F. solani, and F. proliferatum in Korea.

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참고문헌 (12)

  1. Benyon, F, Summerell, B. A. and Burgess, L. W. 1996. Associa-tion of Fusarium species with root rot of Cymbidium orchids. Austral. Plant Pathol. 25:226-228 
  2. Booth, C. 1971. The Genus Fusarium. Commonwealth Mycological Institute. Kew, Surrey, England. 237 p 
  3. Broadhurst, P. G. and Hartill, W. F. T. 1996. Occurrence of Fusar-ium subglutinans on Cymbidium orchids in New Zealand. Plant Dis. 80:711(Abstr.) 
  4. Chang, M., Hyun. I. H., Lee, Y. H. and Lee, D. H. 1998. Leaf spot of Cymbidium hybrida caused by Fusarium protiferatum. Korean J. PIant Pathol. 14:664-667 
  5. D'Agliano, G. and Carrai, C. 1994. Presenza di Fusarium subgtu-tinans in coltivazioni industriali di Cymbidium. Inf. Fitopatol. 44:24-27 
  6. Fisher, N. L., Burgess, L. W., Toussoun, T. A. and Nelson, P, E. 1982. Camation leaves as a substrate and for preserving cul-hires of Fusanum species. Phytopathology 72:151-153 
  7. Gleason, I. O., White, M. and Gladden, A. 1966. Cymbidium seedling wih-Fusarium moniliforme as a causative agent. Bull. Am. Orchid Soc. 35:294-297 
  8. Honda, T, Negishi, H., Suyama, K. and Wakimoto, S. 1995. Occurrence of brown leaf blight of Cymbidium caused by Fusarium subgIutinans. Ann. Phytopathol. Soc. Jpn. 61:221 (Abstr. in Japanese) 
  9. Ichikawa, K. and Aoki, T. 2000. New leaf spot disease of Cymbid-ium species caused by Fusarium subgtutinans and Fusarium proliferatum.J. Gen. Plant Pathol. 66:213-218 
  10. Ichikawa, K. and Saito, H. 1998. Occurrence of dry rot on Cym-bidium caused by Fusarium solani. Proc. Kanto-Tosan Plant Prot. Soc.45:119-121 
  11. Nelson, P. E., Toussoun, T. A. and Marasas, W. F. O. 1983. Fusarium Species: An Illustrated Manual for Identification. The Pennsylvania State University Press, Pennsylvania, USA. 193 p 
  12. Snyder, W. C. and Hansen, H. N. 1940. The species concept in Fusarium. Amer. J. Bot. 27:64-67 

이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (2)

  1. Jee, Hyeong-Jin ; Lee, Sun-Mi ; Cho, Weon-Dae 2003. "Effects of Prochloraz and Tebuconazole on Control of Fusarium Bulb and Root Rot of Oriental Orchid, Cymbidium goeringii" Research in plant disease = 식물병연구, 9(2): 72~78 
  2. Park, In-Jae ; Shin, Kwang-Soo 2005. "Isolation and Phylogenetic Analysis of Orchid Rotting Fungus, Fusarium sp. KS-01" 한국균학회지 = The Korean journal of mycology, 33(2): 92~94 

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