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실직노숙자의 자아존중감, 우울 및 희망에 관한 연구

A Study on Self-esteem, Depression, and Hope of Unemployed Homeless

Abstract

Purpose: To provide the basic data for nursing intervention to improve the psychosocial adaptation of unemployed homeless by examining the degree of self-esteem, depression. and hope, and the relation of these variables. Method: The subjects were a volunteer sample of 218 unemployed homeless residing at 2 shelters in Seoul and Suwon, Korea. The instruments for this study were Rosenberg's self-esteem scale, Beck's depression inventory, and Miller and Powers's hope scale. Using the SPSS program, the data were analysed by frequency, percentage, t-test, ANOVA, Duncan test and Pearson Correlation Coefficient. Result: 1) The degree of self-esteem is, on average, 23.72 points, depression is 24.41 points, and hope is 124.72 points. 2) The degree of self-esteem in the general characteristics of the subjects showed a significant difference by age, marital status, and contact with family. 3) The degree of depression in the general characteristics of the subjects showed a significant difference by age, marital status, and contact with family. 4) The degree of hope in the general characteristics of the subjects showed a significant difference by contact with family. 5) There was a significant positive correlation between the variables of self-esteem and hope, while there was a significant negative correlation between the variables of self-esteem and depression, and hope and depression. Conclusion: 1) The study identifies psychological characteristics of the homeless. 2) It is required not only to develop nursing intervention programs to improve the degree of self-esteem and hope, and alleviate depression but also to testify the effect of the program. 3) It is needed to develop nursing intervention programs to prevent chronic homelessness.

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  1. Woo, Seon-Hye ; No, Gee-Young ; Park, Young-Sook 2005. "Relationship between Family Function and Hope in Adolescents" 韓國學校保健學會誌 = The Journal of the Korean society of school health, 18(1): 47~58 
  2. Park, Myung-Hee ; Gong, Su-Ja ; Kim, Chang-Sook ; Kim, Ran ; Kim, Young-Jae ; Park, In-Soon ; Chung, Soon-Ah 2009. "Factors influencing hope in female high school students" 환경위생공학 = Journal of environmental and Sanitary engineering, 24(4): 90~101 

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