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패류양식해역 환경용량 산정 모델 구축 -I . 모델 검정 및 민감도 분석

Modification of an Ecosystem Model for Carrying Capacity of Shellfish System -I . Validation and Sensitivity Analysis-

초록

패류 양식 해역의 서식 환경과 양식 생물간의 상호 관계를 파악하고 지속적인 생산 방안을 위하여 굴 성장과 관련된 생리 대사 과정인 섭이, 소화, 배설, 호홉 등의 제 인자를 수식화하여 기존에 개발된 생태계모델 (EUTRP2)에 연계하여 환경용량 산정 모델을 구축하였다. 구축된 모델이 굴 성장과 서식환경과의 상호관계를 재현함에 있어 타당성 여부를 검정한 결과, 굴 성장에 따른 서식환경 중 식물플랑크톤 현존량이 감소하고 영양염 농도가 증가하는것으로 보아, 패류양식해역의 생태계 환경관리를 위한 도구로 사용할 수 있는 것으로 나타났다. 그리고, 생태계 구성 요소에 영향을 미치는 생물 인자에 대한 민감도 분석 결과, 구성 요소들은 식물플랑크톤의 증식 속도와 높은 민감도를 보였고, 굴 성장의 경우 동물플랑크톤 최대 섭이 속도와는 민감도가 낮은 반면, 식물플랑크톤 증식 속도, 사멸 속도와 굴의 먹이 흡수 효율에 매우 민감하였다.

Abstract

Carrying capacity model focused on interactions between the filter-feeder growth and their environments is presented, and differences among existing various carrying capacity models are reviewed. For carrying capacity modeling of shellfish system, we constructed a new numerical model coupled oyster growth model with an ecosystem model (EUTRP2). Physical and biological processes such as water transport and mixing, primary production, feeding and growth of the cultivated oyster, Crassostrea gigas and benthic-pelagic exchange were included in the model, Simulated results for validation showed that the more phytoplankton biomass decreased, the more oyster meat weight and nutrients increased, suggesting a powerful tool for reasonable management of shellfish aquaculture. The model was sensitive to parameters controlling the primary production. Among the ecosystem compartments, the oyster growth is highly influenced by small changes in the physiological parameters of phytoplankton and oyster. This sensitivity analysis indicated the importance of experimental data on biological parameters for calibration of the model.

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이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (3)

  1. KANG Yun Ho 2003. "Carrying Capacity and Fishery Resources Release in the Bangjukpo Surfzone Ecosystem" 한국수산학회지 = Journal of the Korean Fisheries Society, 36(6): 669~675 
  2. Lim, Weol-Ae ; Lee, Young-Sik ; Kang, Young-Sil ; Kim, Seong-Soo ; Kim, Seong-Hyun ; Choi, Hye-Sung ; Hur, Young-Baek ; Lee, Tae-Seek ; Lee, Jae-Young 2010. "Inter-annual Variation of Phytoplankton Community Structure in Aquacultural Areas of Tongyeong, SE Coastal Waters of Korea" 바다 : 한국해양학회지, 15(4): 158~165 
  3. Lee, Won-Chan ; Cho, Yoon-Sik ; Hong, Sok-Jin ; Kim, Hyung-Chul ; Kim, Jeong-Bae ; Lee, Suk-Mo 2011. "Estimation of Ecological Carrying Capacity for Oyster Culture by Ecological Indicator in Geoje-Hansan Bay" 海洋環境安全學會誌 = Journal of the Korean society of marine environment & safety, 17(4): 315~322 

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