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논문 상세정보

초록

흑미 (상해항혈나)와 신선찰벼 전분의 이화학적 성질을 조사한 결과 다음과 같은 결과를 얻었다. 신선찰벼와 흑미 전분의 일반성분은 시료간에 차이를 보이지 않았으며, 무기성분은 신선찰벼 전분의 경우 Ca, Mg, P, Na 순으로 함유하고 있었으며, 흑미 전분의 경우 Ca, P, Fe, Mg 순으로 나타났다. 입도분포는 두 시료 모두 1.15∼l.75$\mu\textrm{m}$의 작은 피크와 6.27∼6.97$\mu\textrm{m}$ 입자의 큰 피크를 보이는 이중 분포를 보여 두 품종 모두 거의 유사한 경향을 보였다. 전분의 요오드 반응에서 최대흡수파장과 λmax에서의 흡광도는 신선찰벼 전분이 각각 518 nm와 0.164, 흑미 전분이 521nm와 0.184로 흑미 전분이 다소 높았으며, 625nm에서의 흡광도 값은 신선찰벼 전분이 0.112, 흑미가 0.140으로 나타났다. 고유점도는 신선찰벼 전분이 178 mL/g, 흑미 전분이 183 mL/g으로 흑미 전분이 다소 높게 나타났으나, 물결합능력은 103.5%와 103.3%로 두 시료간에 차이를 보이지 않았다. 전분의 팽윤력과 용해도는 두 시료 모두 55∼6$0^{\circ}C$에서는 완만한 증가를 보이다가 6$0^{\circ}C$를 경계로 $65^{\circ}C$까지 급격히 증가하여 7$0^{\circ}C$이후에는 서서히 증가하는 경향을 보였다. 신선찰벼와 흑미 전분의 X-선 회절도는 전형적인 A형을 보였으며, 주사전자현미경에 의한 입자의 형태 관찰에서는 두 시료간에 차이 를 보이지 않았다.

Abstract

This study examined physicochemical properties of two waxy rice starches, shinsun and black rice starches. Proximate compositions of both samples were similar. The major minerals in the shinsun rice starches were Ca, Mg, P and Na, whereas those in black rice starches were Ca, P, Fe and Mg. The major particle size of shinsun rice starch was 6.97 micron and that of black rice starch was 6.27 micron. In iodine reaction, maximum absorbance wavelength (λmax) and absorbance at 625nm of black rice starch were higher than those of shinsun rice starch. Intrinsic viscosity of black rice starch (183mL/g) was higher than that of shinsun rice starch (178 mL/g). Water binding capacity was similar in both samples. Swelling power and solubility of black rice starch were lower than those of shinsun rice starch. X-ray diffraction patterns of all samples showed traditional A type of cereals as shown peaks at 15.2 (15.0), 17.2 (17.15), 18.05 (17.95), 23.25 (23.15)$^{\circ}$. The common shape of SEM was observed in both waxy rice starches.

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이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (3)

  1. Choi, Gyeong-Cheol ; Na, Hwan-Sik ; Oh, Geum-Soon ; Kim, Sung-Kon ; Kim, Kwan 2005. "Hot- Water Soluble and Insoluble Materials of Waxy Black Rice Starch" 한국식품영양과학회지 = Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, 34(2): 219~222 
  2. Han Sang-Ha ; Lee Hyun-Yu ; Kum Jun-Seok ; Park Jong-Dae 2006. "Physicochemical Properties of Chufa (Cyperus esculentus L., var sativus Boeck) Starch" 한국식품저장유통학회지 = Korean journal of food preservation, 13(3): 382~388 
  3. Oh, Song Min ; No, Jun Hee ; Shin, Malshick 2014. "Gelatinization Properties and Molecular Structure of Waxy Rice Starches Isolated from Korean Japonica and Indica Cultivars" 한국식품조리과학회지 = Korean Journal of Food & Cookery Science, 30(6): 716~725 

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