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Purpose: This study was carried out to identify factors influencing osteoporosis in women at pre- and post-menopausal state. Methods: The subjects of this study were 52 pre-menopausal and 125 post-menopausal women who were assessed of bone density in one general hospital. The data were collected through review of clinical records and telephone interviews using a questionnaire. Results: In the pre-menopausal women, the factors influencing osteoporosis were regular exercise (protective factor) and age (risk factor). Regression analysis showed that the factors attributable to osteoporosis included educational level, weight, age and number of pregnancy, accounted for 41.89% of the total variance. In the post-menopausal women. the factors influencing osteoporosis were age (risk factor), low educational level (risk factor), low economical state (risk factor), high parity (risk factor), and intake of coffee (protective factor). Regression analysis also showed that factors attributable to their osteoporosis included age, educational level, number of delivery, intake of the coffee, regular exercise, number of pregnancy and duration of oral pill intake, accounted for 37.41 % of the total variance. Conclusion: In pre-menopausal women, regular exercise was one of the most powerful determinant of their bone mass. Therefore, it is necessary to participate in a regular exercise program to maintain peak bone mass density prior to the onset of menopause. In post-menopausal women, increased age was the most influencing factor of their bone mass. Therefore, it is essential to establish early diagnosis and management of osteoporosis after menopause.

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  1. Min, Hye-Jin ; Oh, Hee-Young 2011. "A Study on Osteoporosis Knowledge, Health Beliefs and Health Behaviors among Female College Students" 지역사회간호학회지 = Journal of korean academy of community health nursing, 22(2): 111~120 
  2. Chun, Young-Mi ; Lee, Sun-Hee 2013. "A Study of Factors Influencing the Bone Mineral Density on Premenopausal Women: Using the 2011 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey Data" 한국산학기술학회논문지 = Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, 14(12): 6246~6256 


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