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논문 상세정보

동충하초 추출물과 균사체의 성분분석에 관한 연구

A Study on the Composition of Cordyceps militaris Extract and Mycelium

초록

동충하초 자실체 열수추출물과 균사체 중의 성분물질을 규명하고자 일반성분, 무기 질, 유리 아미노산, 비타민 등을 분석 검토한 결과는 다음과 같았다. 자실체 열수추출물의 수분 함량은 95.24%, 탄수화물이 3.10%, 조단백질 1.05%, 회분 0.45%,조지방 0.16%이었으며 균사체 중에 탄수화물 54.70%, 조단백질 20.54%, 조지방 14.01%, 회분 7.03%, 수분이 3.72% 함유되어 있다. 또한 무기질을 분석한 결과 자실체 열수추출물 1.36 g/100 ml 중에 K이 79.09 mg/100 g으로 가장 많았었고 Ca, p, Mg, Na, Mn, Zn, Cu의 순으로 함유되어 있으며 균사체 0.50 g/100 ml 중에 K, p, Mg, Ca, Na, Fe, Mn, Zn Cu의 순으로 미네랄이 함유되어 있었다. 자실체 열수추출물과 균사체 중에서 각각 21종과 22종의 유리아미노산이 측정되었고 9종의 인체 필수아미노산을 모두 함유하고 있었으며 유리아미노산의 총함량과 필수아미노산의 함량은 각각 223.78 mg/100 ml, 48.32 mg/100 ml와 147.40 mg/100 ml, 69.80 mg/100 ml이었다. 비타민을 분석한 결과 총 10종의 비타민이 측정되었고 균사체 중의 비타민 총함량은 221.23 mg/100 g으로 자실체 열수추출물중의 비타민 총함량 13.88 ing/100 g보다 무려 16배 더 많이 함유되었다.

Abstract

The composition of fruit body extract and mycelium in Cordyceps militaris has been investigated to determine the nutritional value. The nutritional compositions of fruit body extract were as follows; the content of crude fat, carbohydrate, crude protein were 0.16%, 3.10% and 1.05%, respectively. And content of crude fat, carbohydrate, crude protein in mycelium were 14.01 %, 54.70% and 20.54%, respectively. Potassium concentration in 1.36 g/100ml sample of fruit body extract was high up to 79.09 mg/100 g and Ca, P, Mg, Na, Mn, Zn and Cu were followed. As well, potassium concentration in 0.50 g/100 ml sample of mycelium was high up to 1,679.96 mg/100 g and P, Mg, Ca, Na, Fe, Mn, Zn and Cu were followed. There were 21 and 22 amino acids in fruit body extract and mycelium, respectively. The total content of 21 amino acids in fruit body extract was 223.78 mg/100 ml. It is more than 147.40 mg/100 ml which total content of 22 amino acid in mycelium. But the total content of essential amino acids in mycelium were higher than fruit body extract. The total content of 10 vitamin in fruit body and mycelium were 13.88 mg/100 g and 221.23 mg/100 g respectively, and the total content of vitamin in mycelium was sixteen times as more as fruit body extract.

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이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (7)

  1. Shin, H.J. ; Nam, H.G. ; Lim, I.J. ; Cha, W.S. 2006. "Comparison of Volatile Flavor Compounds in Bokbunja [Rubus coreanus Miquel] Wines With and Without Mushroom Extracts" 한국생물공학회지 = Korean journal of biotechnology and bioengineering, 21(6): 410~413 
  2. 2007. "" Biotechnology and bioprocess engineering, 12(5): 516~524 
  3. 2007. "" Journal of microbiology and biotechnology, 17(8): 1369~1378 
  4. 2009. "" Biotechnology and bioprocess engineering, 14(2): 232~237 
  5. Lee, Ji-Hye ; Um, Young-Ran ; Lee, Jae-Hoon ; Ma, Jin-Yeul 2011. "Acute Toxicity Study on Ssanghwa-tang Extract Fermented with Paecilomyces Japonica in Mice" 大韓韓醫學方劑學會誌 = Herbal formula science, 19(1): 233~241 
  6. Ahn, Hee-Young ; Cha, Jae-Young ; Jeong, Yong-Kee ; Cho, Young-Su 2013. "Antioxidative Activity and Chemical Characteristics of Cordycepin-enriched Cordyceps militaris JLM0636 Powder" 생명과학회지 = Journal of life science, 23(2): 249~258 
  7. Kim, Jung-Hwa 2013. "Chemical and Mechanical Improvement of Damaged Hair Treated with Cordyceps militaris Extract" KSBB Journal, 28(3): 191~195 

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