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한국 서해 새만금 갯벌에서 저서미세조류의 생체량과 군집조성에 대한 HPLC 분석

HPLC Analysis of Biomass and Community Composition of Microphytobenthos in the Saemankeum Tidal flat, West Coast of Korea


Biomass and community composition of microphytobenthos in the Saemankeum tidal flat were studied by HPLC analysis of the photosynthetic pigments from November 2001 to November 2002. The environmental factors of sediment were also investigated to examine the relationship between microphytobenthos biomass and sedimentary environments. The detected photosynthetic pigments of microphytobenthos were chlorophyll a, b, c, fucoxanthin, 19'-hexanoyloxyfucoxanthin, violaxanthin, diadinoxanthin, alloxanthin, diatoxanthin, zeaxanthin+lutein, peridinin and beta-carotene. Pheophytin a, the degradation product of chlorophyll a, was also detected. The results of pigmen analysis suggest the presence of diatom (fucoxanthin), euglenophytes (chlorophyll b), chlorophytes (chlorophyll b + lutein), cyanobacteria (zeaxanthin), cryptophytes (alloxanthin), chrysophytes (fucoxanthin + violaxanthin), prymnesiophytes (19'-hexanoyloxyfucoxanthin) and dinoflagellates (peridinin). Chlorophyll a concentration in the top 0.5 cm of sediment was in the range of $0.24\;mg{\cdot}m\^{-2}\;-32.11\;mg{\cdot}m\^{-2}$ in the study area. The increase of chlorophyll a concentration in the spring indicates the occurrence of a microphytobenthic bloom. In the summer, there was a sharp decrease of the chlorophyll a concentration which was probably due to high grazing activity by macrobenthos. The annual mean chlorophyll a concentration in the study area was low compared to that in most of other tidal flat areas probably due to active resuspension of microphytobenthos and high grazing activity by macrobenthos. There was no clear relationship between microphytobenthos biomass and sedimentary environments because of a large variety of physical, chemical and biological factors, Pigment analysis indicated that while diatoms were dominated in the microphytobenthic community of the Geojon tidal flat, euglenophytes and/or chlorophytes coexisted with diatoms in the Mangyung River tidal flat.

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이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (11)

  1. Yoo, Man-Ho ; Choi, Joong-Ki 2005. "Seasonal distribution and primary production of microphytobenthos on an intertidal mud flat of the Janghwa in Ganghwa Island, Korea" 바다 : 한국해양학회지, 10(1): 8~18 
  2. 2009. "" Algae, 24(3): 149~161 
  3. Lee, Yong-Woo ; Choi, Eun-Jung ; Kim, Young-Sang ; Kang, Chang-Keun 2009. "Seasonal Variations of Microphytobenthos in Sediments of the Estuarine Muddy Sandflat of Gwangyang Bay: HPLC Pigment Analysis" 바다 : 한국해양학회지, 14(1): 48~55 
  4. Jung, Rae-Hong ; Hwang, Dong-Woon ; Kim, Young-Gil ; Koh, Byoung-Seol ; Song, Jae-Hee ; Choi, Hee-Gu 2010. "Temporal Variations in the Sedimentation Rate and Benthic Environment of Intertidal Surface Sediments around Byeonsan Peninsula, Korea" 한국수산과학회지 = Korean journal of fisheries and aquatic sciences, 43(6): 723~734 
  5. Min, Jun-Oh ; Ha, Sun-Yong ; Choi, Bo-Hyung ; Chung, Mi-Hee ; Yoon, Won-Duk ; Lee, Jae-Seong ; Shin, Kyung-Hoon 2011. "Primary Productivity and Pigments Variation of Phytoplankton in the Seomjin River Estuary during Rainy Season in Summer" 한국하천호수학회지= Korean journal of limnology, 44(3): 303~313 
  6. Kang, Tea-Wook ; Kim, Dong-Sung ; Min, Won-Gi ; Rho, Hyun-Soo ; Hong, Jae-Sang 2011. "Characteristics of Meiobenthic Community Inhabiting Sandy Sediment in the Yellow Sea, Korea" Ocean and polar research, 33(3): 193~209 
  7. Lee, Yong-Woo ; Park, Mi-Ok ; Yoon, Ji-Hyun ; Hur, Sung-Bum 2012. "Temporal and Spatial Variation of Microalgal Biomass and Community Structure in Seawater and Surface Sediment of the Gomso Bay as Determined by Chemotaxonomic Analysis" 바다 : 한국해양학회지, 17(2): 87~94 
  8. Min, Jun-Oh ; Ha, Sun-Yong ; Chung, Mi-Hee ; Choi, Bo-Hyung ; Lee, Yeon-Jung ; Youn, Seok-Hyun ; Yoon, Won-Duk ; Lee, Jae-Seong ; Shin, Kyung-Hoon 2012. "Seasonal Variation of Primary Productivity and Pigment of Phytoplankton Community Structure in the Seomjin Estuary" 한국하천호수학회지= Korean journal of limnology, 45(2): 139~149 
  9. Ha, Sun-Yong ; Choi, Bo-Hyung ; Min, Jun-Oh ; Jeon, Su-A ; Shin, Kyung-Hoon 2013. "Comparative Study on Microphytobenthic Pigments and Total Microbial Biomass by ATP in Intertidal Sediments" Ocean and polar research, 35(1): 39~50 
  10. Park, Seo Kyoung ; Kim, Bo Yeon ; Choi, Han Gil ; Oh, Joung-Soon ; Chung, Sang-Ok ; An, Kyoung-Ho ; Park, Kwang-Jae 2013. "Seasonal Variation in Species Composition and Biomass of Microphytobenthos at Jinsanri, Taean, Korea" 한국수산과학회지 = Korean journal of fisheries and aquatic sciences, 46(2): 176~185 
  11. Kim, Kwang-Soo ; Lee, Seunghan ; Hong, Jung-Ho ; Lee, Wonchoel ; Park, Eun-Ok 2014. "A Study on Meiofauna Community in the Subtidal Sediment outside of the Saemangeum Seadike in the West Coast of Korea" Ocean and polar research, 36(3): 209~223 


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